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Acute ulcerative esophagitis

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  1. 1.

    All of the cases of acute esophagitis in this series, as well as the reports in the literature, were found at autopsy.

  2. 2.

    For the greater part it followed various operative procedures, particularly on the gastro-intestinal tract, and serious medical conditions, as cardiovascular diseases, and infections.

  3. 3.

    No definite etiologic factor is known. Several contribute. Reports in the literature implicate vomiting, the Levin tube, shock, arteriosclerosis, affections of the brain, severe general and local infections and pneumonia. It is difficult to place the blame anywhere definitely. Possibly many factors are at work.

  4. 4.

    The lesion is a very acute process accompanied by necrosis and desquamation.

  5. 5.

    There are no symptoms to indicate its presence, aside from the suggestion offered by vomiting of blood stained fluid.

  6. 6.

    There is no special form of treatment for this condition.

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    Butt, Hugh R. and Vinson, Porter P.: Esophagitis. II. A Pathologic and Clinical Study.Arch. Otolaryng., 23:550–572, May,1936.

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    Bartels, Elmer C.: Acute UIcerative Esophagitis.Arch. Path., 20:369, Sept., 1935.

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    Mosher, Harris P. :Transactions of Laryngology, Otology and Rhinology, pp. 17–58, 1938.

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    Penner, Abraham D. and Bernheim. Alice T.: Acute Post-operative Esophageal, Gastric and Duodenal Ulcerations.Arch. Path., 28:129–140, Aug., 1939.

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    Penner, Abraham D. and Bernheim, Alice T.: Acute Post-operative Entero-Colitis.Arch. Path., 27:966–984, June, 1939.

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    Ebbs, J. H.: Esophagitis in Infancy.Arch. Dis. Childhood, 13:211–224, Sept., 1938.

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    Butt, Hugh R. and Vinson, Porter P.: Esophagitis.Arch. Otolaryng., 23:391–413, April, 1936.

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    Wangensteen, Owen W., Rea, Charles and Baxter, A.: Experiences with Employment of Suction in the Treatment of Acute Intestinal Obstruction.S. G. O., 68:5, May, 1936.

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    Cushing, Harvey: Peptic Ulcers and the Interbrain.S. G. O., 55:1–34, July, 1932.

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    Craig, W. Mck. and Lipscomb, W. R. : Cerebellar Ataxia, Atherosis and Cerebellar Tumor with Terminal Ulceration and Hemorrhage of the Esophagus. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, Vol. V, No. 31, July 29, 1936.

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    Masten, Mabel G. and Bunts, R. C.: Neurogenic Erosions and Perforation of the Stomach and Esophagus in Cerebral Lesions.Arch. Int. Med., 54:916–930, Dec, 1934.

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Correspondence to Leon Bloch.

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Read at the Annual Session of the American Gastro-Enterological Association at Atlantic City, N. J., June 10, 1940.

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Bloch, L. Acute ulcerative esophagitis. Jour. D. D. 7, 407 (1940). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02997384

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  • Peptic Ulcer
  • Esophagitis
  • Cerebellar Ataxia
  • Polymorphonuclear Leucocyte
  • Kern Icterus