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Mapping of waterlogged areas and salt affected soils in the IGNP command area

Abstract

Visual interpretation of IRS LISS-II data authenticated by ground truth was carried out for detection of waterlogged areas and characterization of salt-affected soils. The deep blue tone depicting surface ponding (stagnant ponded zone) resulted from the seepage and accumulation of irrigation water through the course sandy mass. Such unit was mostly confined to the localized low-lying areas. These data have also revealed interdunal seepage lake within the buried paleo-channel of Saraswati possibly due to submerging of excess Ghaggar floodwater. Flood irrigation, sandy soils, cultivation of high water requirement crops and presence of hard gypsiferrous pans in the shallow depths were responsible for development of waterlogged conditions in the area. The grey to yellowish white patch around the waterlogging features represented surface salt efflorescence. The grey to greyish red represented the potential waterlogging zone. Based on the analytical data, soils were characterized as moderate to highly saline and showed the presence of significant amount of CaCO3 (>2 mm) throughout the solum. The chemical analysis of water samples revealed the presence of high to very high quantity of soluble salts dominated by chlorides and sulfates of sodium, calcium and magnesium.

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Author information

Correspondence to A K Mandal or R C Sharma.

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Mandal, A.K., Sharma, R.C. Mapping of waterlogged areas and salt affected soils in the IGNP command area. J Indian Soc Remote Sens 29, 229–235 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02995728

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Keywords

  • Command Area
  • Exchangeable Sodium Percentage
  • Salt Affect Soil
  • Secondary Salinisation
  • Waterlogged Area