Survival rates of neonate larvae of the spiny bollworm,Earias insulana Boisd., on leaves, flower buds and bolls of ten high-gossypol (HG) [terpenoid-aldehyde] and Acala SJb2 cotton lines were 40-74%, 66-92% and 54-76%, respectively. Partial resistance of leaves of three cotton lines, no resistance of flower buds, and resistance of bolls of one line (HG-BR-8) to larval infestation were observed. Bolls which had their bases and bracts removed were heavily penetrated by larvae and more adults were obtained on them, as compared with intact ones. Complete development on cotton bolls, from hatching to the adult, took 25.6-32.6 days, with significant differences among some of the cotton lines. Growth on bolls of HG lines in the larval stage had no effect on oviposition by the corresponding adults. Fertility of these eggs was not affected.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Avidov, Z. and Harpaz, I. (1969) Plant Pests of Israel. Israel Universities Press, Jerusalem.
Bell, A.A. and Stipanovic, R.D. (1977) The chemical composition, biological activity and genetics of pigment glands in cotton.Proc. Beltwide Cotton Prod. Res. Conf. (Atlanta, GA). pp. 1–15.
Bottger, G.T., Sheehan, E.T. and Lukefahr, M.J. (1964) Relation of gossypol content of cotton plants to insect resistance.J. econ. Ent. 57: 283–285.
Call, T.B. and Weaver, J.B. Jr. (1980) Resistance toHeliothis in an interspecific hybrid cotton.Proc. Beltwide Cotton Prod. Res. Conf. (St. Louis, MO), pp. 95–96.
Chan, B.G., Waiss, A.C. Jr., Binder, R.G. and Elliger, C.A. (1978) Inhibition of lepidopterous larval growth by cotton constituents.Entomologia exp. appl. 24: 94–100.
Cook, O.F. (1906) Weevil-resisting adaptations of the cotton plant.Bull. Bur. Ent. U.S. Dep. Agric. 88.
Dilday, R.H., Wolfenbarger, D.A. and Shaver, T.N. (1980) Factors affecting gossypol contents in cotton,Gossypium hirsutum.Proc. Beltwide Cotton Prod. Res. Conf. (St. Louis, MO), pp. 88–89.
Dongre, T.K. and Rahalkar, G.W. (1980) Growth and development of spotted bollwormEarias vitella on glanded and glandless cotton and on diet containing gossypol.Entomologia exp. appl. 27: 6–10.
Goodnight, J.H. (1979) GLM procedure reference.in: Helwig, J.T. and Council, K.A. [Eds.] SAS Users Guide, pp. 237–263. Cary, NC.
Harding, J.A., Brindley, T.A. and Dyar, R.C. (1967) Survival and development of European corn borers fed gossypol in artificial diets.J. econ. Ent. 60: 1764–1765.
Jenkins, J.N., Maxwell, F.G. and Lafever, H.N. (1966) The comparative preferences of insects for glanded and glandless cottons.J. econ. Ent. 59: 352–356.
Kay, I.R., Noble, R.M. and Twine, P.H. (1979) The effect of gossypol in artificial diet on the growth and development ofHeliothis punctigera Wallengren andH. armigera (Hübner) (Lepkloptera: Noctuidae).J. Aust. ent. Soc. 18: 229–232.
Khalifa, H. (1979) Breeding for bollworm resistance in cotton,Gossypium hirsutum L.Coton Fibr. trop. 34: 309–314.
Klein, M., Navon, A., Andreadou, M. and Keren, S. (1981) Development of an artificial diet for mass rearing of the spiny bollworm,Earias insulana.Phytoparasitica 9: 145–148.
Lindig, O.H., Robertson, J. and Wright, J.E. (1979) Evaluation of three larval and adult boll weevil diets.J. econ. Ent. 22: 450–452.
Lukefahr, M.J. and Houghtaling, J.E. (1969) Resistance of cotton strains with high gossypol content toHeliothis spp.J. econ. Ent. 62: 588–591.
Lukefahr, M.J., Houghtaling, J.E. and Cruhm, D.G. (1975) Suppression ofHeliothis spp. with cotton containing combinations of resistant characters.J. econ. Ent. 68: 743–746.
Lukefahr, M.J. and Martin, D.F. (1966) Cotton plant pigments as a source of resistance to the bollworm and tobacco budworm.J. econ. Ent. 59: 176–179.
Lukefahr, M.J., Noble, L.W. and Houghtaling, J.E. (1966) Growth and infestation of boll-worms and other insects on glanded and glandless strains of cotton.J. econ. Ent. 59: 817–820.
Malm, N.R. and Gomez, F.A. (1980) Feeding behavior of the cotton bollworm on ten genotypes ofGossypium.Proc. Beltwide Cotton Prod. Res. Conf. (St. Louis, MO), pp. 97–101.
Maxwell, F.G., Jenkins, J.N. and Parrott, W.L. (1967) Influence of constituents of the cotton plant on feeding, oviposition and development of the boll weevil.J. econ. Ent. 60: 1294–1297.
Meisner, J., Kehat, M., Zur, M. and Ascher, K.R.S. (1977) The effect of gossypol on the larva of the spiny bollworm,Earias insulana.Entomologia exp. appl. 22: 301–303.
Meisner, J., Navon, A., Zur, M. and Ascher, K.R.S. (1977) The response ofSpodoptera littoralis larvae to gossypol incorporated in an artificial diet.Envir. Ent. 6: 243–244.
Meisner, J., Zur, M., Kabonci, E. and Ascher, K.R.S. (1977) Influence of gossypol content of leaves of different cotton strains, on the development ofSpodoptera littoralis larvae.J. econ. Ent. 70: 714–716.
Pauly, G. and Vaissayre, M. (1980) Present state of the breeding work on the characters of resistance to boll caterpillars in Central Africa.Coton Fibr. trop. 35: English Suppl.
Quaintance, A.L. and Brues, C.T. (1905) The cotton bollworm.Bull. Bur. Ent. U.S. Dep. Agric. 50.
Rhyne, C.L., Smith, F.H. and Miller, P.A. (1959) The glandless leaf phenotype in cotton and its association with low gossypol content in the seed.Agron. J. 51: 148–152.
Robinson, S.H., Wolfenbarger, D.A., Salgado, E., Silguero, J.F. and Dilday, R.H. (1981) A reevaluation of high bud gossypol in cottons as a deterrent to damage byHeliothis species.Proc. Beltwide Cotton Prod. Res. Conf. (New Orleans, LA). pp. 79–80.
Shaver, T.N. and Lukefahr, M.J. (1969) Effect of flavonoid pigments and gossypol on growth and development of the bollworm, tobacco budworm and pink bollworm.J. econ.Ent. 62: 643–646.
Shaver, T.N., Lukefahr, M.J. and Cracia, J.A. (1970) Food utilization, ingestion and growth of larvae of the bollworm and tobacco budworm on diets containing gossypol.J. econ.Ent. 63: 1544–1546.
Shaver, T.N. and Parrott, W.L. (1970) Relationship of larval age to toxicity of gossypol to bollworms, tobacco budworms and pink bollworms.J. econ. Ent. 63: 1802–1804.
Stipanovic, R.D., Bell, A.A. and Lukefahr, M.J. (1977) Natural insecticides from cotton (Gossypium).in: Hedin, P.A. [Ed.] Host Plant Resistance to Pests.Am. Chem. Soc. Symp. Ser. 62: 197–214.
Talhouk, A.M.S. (1969) Insects and Mites Injurious to Crops in Middle Eastern Countries. Verlag Paul Parey, Hamburg.
Vargas Camplis, J., Farias Villareal, E. and Sosa, E. (1979) Cotton lines resistant to attack by bollworm in Southern Tamanlipas.Agric. tec. Mex. 5: 11–14.
Wilson, F.D. and Shaver, T.N. (1973) Glands, gossypol content and tobacco budworm development in seedlings and floral parts of cotton.Crop Sci. 13: 107–110.
Yathom, S. (1956) Biology of the spiny bollworm(Earias insulana Boisd.).Ktavim 7: 43–57.
Zur, M., Meisner, J., Kabonci, E. and Ascher, K.R.S. (1979) Gossypol content of cotton leaves during the growing season, and growth suppression ofSpodoptera littoralis (Boisduval) larvae on some high-gossypol (HG) cotton strains.Z. angew. Ent. 87: 435–439.
About this article
Cite this article
Klein, M., Zur, M., Meisner, J. et al. Studies of the response of the spiny bollworm,earias insulana, to rearing on leaves, flower buds and bolls of high-terpenoid-aldehyde cotton genotypes in the laboratory. Phytoparasitica 10, 157–167 (1982). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02994525
- Gossypol: 1,1’,6,6’,7,7’-hexahydroxy-5,5’-diisopropyl-3,3’-dimethyl (2,2’-binaphthalene)-8,8’-dicarboxaldehyde
- resistant lines
- cotton budworms
- spiny bollworm,Earias insulana