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Horizontal canal paroxysmal positional vertigo (HCPPV) vs classical BPPV (new concepts about mechanism and domiciliary repositioning of particles)

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Abstract

Some new modificutiont of existing diagnostic and therapeutic manoeuvres (repositioning of particles) have been proposed, basing an the applications of the principles of hydrodynamics, inertial and gravitational forces in the semicircular canals. The above has been tried successfully on patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and horizontal eanal paroxysmal positional vertigo (HCPPV) which can be executed by the patients themselves at home without the kelp of a therapist.

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a well-established entity whereas Horizontal Canal Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (HCPPV) is a recently proposed one. In positional vertigo any canal may be involved. It is quite possible that in the past this diagnosis (HCPPV) was missed in many of the cases of positional vertigo. Kapfschuttel nystagmus (head-shaking nystanmas) is induced by side to side (to and fro) movements of the head around a vertical axis in the plane of the horizontal semicircular canal which is thought to be sensitise the labyrinth, Any manoeuvres that in induce nystagmus with or without vertino is hound to he a manifestation of an organic lesion and not a non-organic one. In a number of instances the postionul test Jor BPPV may yield negative results; but doing this test after kopfschuttel test a dormant positional nystagmus may appear on the surface i.e. uncovered in a number of cases which may have remained undetected if Kopfschutlel manoeuvre were not done. This implies- that by Kopfsi huttel test both the horizontal and vertical canals are sensitised.

Moreover, Kopfschuttel nystaagmus is likely to be a manifestation of the horizontal canal stimulation, at leastin some cases, since the movements are executed in the plane of the horizontal canal (vide infra) when displaced otoconia impinges on the cupula /. crista bringing about its stimulation leading to vertigo and or nystagmus.

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Correspondence to P. Ghosh.

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Ghosh, P. Horizontal canal paroxysmal positional vertigo (HCPPV) vs classical BPPV (new concepts about mechanism and domiciliary repositioning of particles). Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 54, 175 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02993097

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Keywords

  • Semicircular Canal
  • Motion Sickness
  • External Auditory Canal
  • Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
  • Posterior Canal