Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Psychological management of the asthmatic child

  • 42 Accesses

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.

    Graham P, Rutter ML, Yule W, Pless IB: Childhood asthma: A psychosomatic disorder? Some epidemiological considerations. Br J Prev Soc Med 21:78–85, 1967

  2. 2.

    Leigh D, Marley E: Bronchial Asthma: A Genetic Population and Psychiatric Study. Oxford, Pergamon Press, 1967

  3. 3.

    Taylor B: Severe asthma in childhood. NZ Med J 85:433–435, 1977

  4. 4.

    Norrish M, Tooley M, Godfrey S: Clinical, physiological, and psychological study of asthmatic children attending a hospital clinic. Arch Dis Child 52:912–917, 1975

  5. 5.

    Peckham C, Butler N: A national study of asthma in childhood. J Epidemiol Community Health 32:79–85, 1978

  6. 6.

    Zifferblatt SM: Increasing patient compliance through applied behavior analysis. Prev Med 4:173–182, 1975

  7. 7.

    Lunger M, Shapiro A: Iatrogenic illness and psychosomatic medicine, in Spain DM (ed): The Complications of Modern Medical Practice. New York, Grune and Stratton, 293–299, 1963

  8. 8.

    Leigh D: Asthma and the psychiatrist: A critical review. Int Arch Allergy 4:227–246, 1953

  9. 9.

    Knapp PH, Mathe AA, Vachon L: Psychosomatic aspects of bronchial asthma, in Arieti S (ed): American Handbook of Psychiatry. Vol IV, 2nd Ed. New York, Basic Books, 1975

  10. 10.

    Kelly E, Zeller B: Asthma and the psychiatrist. J Psychosom Res 13:377–395, 1969

  11. 11.

    Tal A, Miklich DR: Emotionally induced decreases in pulmonary flow rates in asthmatic children. Psychosom Med 38:190–199, 1976

  12. 12.

    Purcell K: Childhood asthma: The role of family relationships, personality, and emotions, in Davids A (ed): Child Personality and Psychopathology: Current Topics, vol 2. New York, John Wiley, 101–135, 1975

  13. 13.

    Purcell K, Muser J, Miklich D, Dietiker, K: A comparison of psychologic findings in variously defined asthmatic subgroups. J Psychosom Res 13:67–75, 1969

  14. 14.

    Purcell K, Turnbull JW, Bernstein L: Distinctions between subgroups of asthmatic children: Psychological test and behavior rating comparisons. J Psychosom Res 6:283–291, 1962

  15. 15.

    Miklich DR, Rewey HH, Weiss JH, Kolton, S: A preliminary investigation of psychophysiological response to stress among different subgroups of asthmatic children. J Psychosom Res 17:1–8, 1973

  16. 16.

    Alexander AB: Systematic relaxation and flow rates in asthmatic children: Relationship to emotional precipitants and anxiety. J Psychosom Res 16:405–410, 1972

  17. 17.

    Tal A, Miklich DR: Emotionally induced decreases in pulmonary flow rates in asthmatic children. Psychosom Med 38:190–200, 1976

  18. 18.

    White ML: Children’s perceptions of contingency relationships in asthma. Diss Abstr Int, No. 75-20582, Vol. 36, 1975

  19. 19.

    Purcell K, Brady K, Chai H, Muser J, Molk L, Gordon N, Means J: The effect on asthma in children of experimental separation from the family. Psychosom Med 31:144–164, 1969

  20. 20.

    Feingold BF, Gorman FJ, Singer MT, Schlesinger K: Psychological studies of allergic women. Psychosom Med 2:195–202, 1962

  21. 21.

    Freeman EH, Gorman FJ, Singer MT, Affelder MT, Feingold BF: Personality variables and allergic skin reactivity. Psychosom Med 29:312–322, 1967

  22. 22.

    Block J, Jennings RH, Harvey E, Simpson E: Interaction between allergic potential and psychopathology in childhood asthma. Psychosom Med 26:307–320, 1964

  23. 23.

    Dekker E, Barendregt JT, De Vries K: Allergy and neurosis in asthma. J Psychosom Res 5:83, 1961

  24. 24.

    Conners CK: A teacher rating scale for use in drug studies with children. Am J Psychiatry 126:884–888, 1969

  25. 25.

    Conners CK: Symptom patterns in hyperkinetic, neurotic and normal children. Child Dev 41:667–682, 1970

  26. 26.

    Goyette CH, Conners CK, Ulrich RF: Normative data on revised Conners Parent and Teacher Rating Scales. J Abnorm Child Psychol 6:221–236, 1978

  27. 27.

    Conners CK, Herjanic B, Puig-Antich J: Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children. NIMH Epidemiology Branch.

  28. 28.

    Matus I: Assessing the nature and clinical significance of psychological contributions to childhood asthma. Am J Orthopsychiatry 5:327–341, 1981

  29. 29.

    Kinsman RA, Luparello T, O’Banion K, Spector S: Multidimensional analysis of the subjective symptomatology of asthma. Psychosom Med 35:250–267, 1973

  30. 30.

    Kinsman RA, Spector SL, Shucard DW, Luparello TJ: Observations on patterns of subjective symptomatology of acute asthma. Psychosom Med 36:129–143, 1974

  31. 31.

    Kinsman RA, Dahlem NW, Spector S, Staudenmayer H: Observations on subjective symptomatology, coping behavior, and medical decisions in asthma. Psychosom Med 39:102–119, 1977

  32. 32.

    Dirks JF, Jones NF, Kinsman RA: Panic-fear: A personality dimension relted to intractability in asthma. Psychosom Med 39:120–126, 1977

  33. 33.

    Dirks JF, Kinsman RA, Horton DJ, Fross KH, Jones NF: Panic-fear in asthma: Rehospitalization following intensive long-term treatment. Psychosom Med 40:5–13, 1978

  34. 34.

    Staudenmayer H, Kinsman RA, Dirks JF, Spector SL, Wangaard C: Medical outcome in asthmatic patients: Effects of airways hyperreactivity and symptom-focused anxiety. Psychosom Med 41:109–118, 1979

  35. 35.

    Quay HC: Classification, in Quay HC, Werry JS (eds): Psychopathological Disorders of Childhood, 2nd Ed. New York, John Wiley, 1–42, 1979

  36. 36.

    Quay HC: Measuring dimensions of deviant behavior: The Behavior Problem Checklist. J Abnorm Child Psychol 5:277–289, 1977

  37. 37.

    Knapp TJ, Wells LA: Behavior therapy for asthma: A review. Behav Res Ther 16:103–115, 1978

  38. 38.

    Erskine-Milliss J, Schonell M: Relaxation therapy in asthma: A critical review. Psychosom Med 43:365–372, 1981

  39. 39.

    Kotses H, Glaus KD: Applications of biofeedback to the treatment of asthma: A critical review. Biofeedback Self Regul 6:573–593, 1981

  40. 40.

    Masterson JP Jr, Turley WB: Biofeedback training with children. Am J Clin Biofeedback 3:137–143, 1980

  41. 41.

    King NJ: The behavioral management of asthma and asthma-related problems in children: A critical review of the literature. J Behav Med 3:169–189, 1980

  42. 42.

    Yates AJ: Biofeedback and the Modification of Behavior. New York, Plenum Press, 1980

  43. 43.

    Alexander AB: The treatment of psychosomatic disorders: Bronchial asthma in children, in Lahey BB, Kazdin AE (eds): Advances in Clinical Child Psychology, vol 3. New York, Plenum Press, 265–310, 1980

  44. 44.

    Schaeffer G, Freytag-Klinger H: Objectifying the effect of autogenic training on disordered ventilation in bronchial asthma. Psychiatr Neurol Med Psychol (Leipz) 27:400–408, 1975

  45. 45.

    Benson H: The Relaxation Response. New York, Avon, 1975

  46. 46.

    Wilson AF, Honsberger R, Chiu JT, Novey HS: Transcendental meditation and asthma. Respiration 32:74–80, 1975

  47. 47.

    Gellhorn E: The physiological basis of neuromuscular relaxation. Arch Intern Med 102:393–399, 1958

  48. 48.

    Glaus KD, Happ A, Kotses H: Airway resistance changes associated with conditioned frontalis and bronchioradiolis EMG. Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research, Philadelphia, 1977

  49. 49.

    Luparello T, Lyons HA, Bleecker ER, McFadden ER Jr: Influences of suggestion on airway reactivity in asthmatic subjects. Psychosom Med 30:819–825, 1968

  50. 50.

    Luparello TJ, Leist N, Lourie CH, Sweet P: The interaction of psychologic stimuli and pharmacologic agents on airway reactivity in asthmatic subjects. Psychosom Med 32:509–513, 1970

  51. 51.

    McFadden ER Jr: Respiratory mechanics in asthma, in Weiss EB, Segal MS (eds): Bronchial Asthma: Mechanisms and Therapeutics. New York, Little Brown, 259–278, 1969

  52. 52.

    Weiss JH, Martin C, Riley J: Effects of suggestion on respiration in asthmatic children. Psychosom Med 32:409–115, 1970

  53. 53.

    Godfrey S, Silverman M: Demonstration of placebo response in asthma by means of exercise testing. J Psychosom Res 17:293, 1973

  54. 54.

    Philipp RL, Wilde GJS, Day JH: Suggestion and relaxation in asthmatics. J Psychosom Med 16:193–204, 1972

  55. 55.

    Khan AU, Staerk M, Bonk C: Hypnotic suggestibility compared with other methods of isolating emotionally-prone asthmatic children. Am J Clin Hypn 17:50–53, 1974

  56. 56.

    De Piano FA, Salzberg HG: Clinical applications of hypnosis to three psychosomatic disorders. Psychol Bull 86:1223–1235, 1979

  57. 57.

    Anonymous. Hypnosis for asthma: A controlled trial—A report to the research committee of the British Tuberculosis Association. Br Med J 4:71–76, 1968

  58. 58.

    Davis MH, Saunders DR, Creer TL, Chai H: Relaxation training facilitated by biofeedback apparatus as a supplemental treatment in bronchial asthma. J Psychosom Res 17:121–218, 1973

  59. 59.

    Feldman GM: The effect of biofeedback training on respiratory resistance of asthmatic children. Psychosom Med 38:27–35, 1976

  60. 60.

    Lerro FA, Hurnyak MM, Patterson C: Successful use of thermal biofeedback in severe adult asthma. Am J Psychiatry 137:735–736, 1980

  61. 61.

    Renne CM, Creer TL: Training children with asthma to use inhalation therapy equipment. J Appl Behav Anal 9:1–11, 1976

  62. 62.

    King NJ: The behavioral management of asthma and asthma-related problems in children: A critical review of the literature. J Behav Med 3:169–189, 1980

  63. 63.

    Olton DS, Noonberg AR: Biofeedback: Clinical Applications in Behavioral Medicine. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice-Hall, 1980

  64. 64.

    Knapp TJ, Wells LJ: Behavior therapy for asthma: A review. Behav Res Ther 16:103–115, 1978

  65. 65.

    Creer TL: The use of a time-out from positive reinforcement procedure with asthmatic children. J Psychosom Res 14:117–120, 1970

  66. 66.

    Creer TL, Weinberg E, Molk L: Managing a hospital behavior problem: Malingering. J Behavior Ther Exp Psychiatry 5:259–262, 1974

  67. 67.

    Walton D: The application of learning theory to the treatment of a case of bronchial asthma, in Eysenck HJ (ed): Behaviour Therapy and the Neuroses. New York, Pergamon Press, 188–189, 1960

  68. 68.

    Khan AU, Olson DL: Deconditioning of exercise-induced asthma. Psychosom Med 39:382–392, 1977

  69. 69.

    Yorkston NJ, McHugh RB, Brady R, Serber M, Sergeant HGS: Verbal desensitization in bronchial asthma. J Psychosom Res 18:371–376, 1974

  70. 70.

    Clark NM, Feldman CH, Evans D, Millman EJ, Wailewski Y, Valle I: The effectiveness of education for family management of asthma in children: A preliminary report. Health Educ Quart Bull: 166–174, 1981

  71. 71.

    Seiner JC, Staudenmayer H: Parents’ subjective evaluation of a self-help education-exercise program for asthmatic children and their parents. J Asthma Res 16:21–40, 1979

  72. 72.

    Devine JE: Relaxation and parent training in the treatment of bronchial asthma: A clinical study. Diss Abstr Int 40:1887, 1979

  73. 73.

    Neisworth JT, Moore F: Operant treatment of asthmatic responding with the parent as therapist. Behav Ther 3:95–99, 1972

  74. 74.

    Zifferblatt SM: Increasing patient compliance through applied behavior analysis. Prev Med 4:173–182, 1975

  75. 75.

    Richards W, Church JA, Roberts MJ, Newman LJ, Garon MB: A self-help program for childhood asthma in a residential treatment center. Clin Pediatr 20:453–457, 1981

  76. 76.

    Leigh D: Asthma and the psychiatrist: A critical review. Int Arch Allergy 4:227–246, 1953

  77. 77.

    Freeman EH, Feingold BF, Schlesinger K, Gorman FJ: Psychological variables in allergic disorders. A review. Psychosom Med 26:543–575, 1964

  78. 78.

    Kelly E, Zeller B: Asthma and the psychiatrist. J Psychosom Res 13:377–395, 1969

  79. 79.

    Hill O: The psychological management of psychosomatic disorders. Am J Psychiatry 131:113–126, 1977

  80. 80.

    French TM, Alexander F: Psychogenic factors in bronchial asthma. Psychosomatic Medicine Monographs, No. 4. Washington DC, National Research Council, 1941

  81. 81.

    Dubo S, McLean JA, Ching AYT, Wright HL, Kauffman PE, Sheldon JM: A study of relationships between family situation, bronchial asthma, and personal adjustment in children. J Pediatr 59:402–414, 1961

  82. 82.

    Neuhaus EC: A personality study of asthmatic and cardiac children. Psychosom Med 20:181–186, 1958

  83. 83.

    Rees L: The importance of psychological, allergic and infective factors in childhood asthma. J Psychosom Res 7:253–262, 1964

  84. 84.

    Abramson HA, Peshkin MM: Psychosomatic group therapy with parents of children with intractable asthma. XIII. The Goldey family. Part III. J Asthma Res, 17:123–147, 1980

  85. 85.

    Liebman D, Minuchin S, Baker L: The use of structural family therapy in the treatment of intractable asthma. Am J Psychiatry 131:535–539, 1974

  86. 86.

    Lask B, Matthew D: Childhood asthma: A controlled trial of family psychotherapy. Arch Dis Child 54:116–119, 1979

  87. 87.

    Creer TL: Asthma Therapy: A Behavioral Health Care System for Respiratory Disorders. New York, Springer, 1979

  88. 88.

    Burns KL: Social learning theory and behavioral health care. Psychother Psychosom 32:1–4, 1979

  89. 89.

    Miklich DR: Health psychology practice with asthmatics. Prof Psychol 10:580–588, 1979

  90. 90.

    Ferguson RG, Webb A: Childhood asthma: An outpatient approach to treatment. Canadian Nurse 75:36–39, 1979

  91. 91.

    Gardner JE, Renne CM, Christian WP: Unpredictable problems in applying social learning principles in a child care facility. Child Care Quart 7:142–155, 1978

  92. 92.

    Creer TL: A blending of behavior therapy techniques in an approach to an asthmatic child. Psychother Ther Res Pract 5:46–49, 1968

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to C. Keith Conners.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Conners, C.K. Psychological management of the asthmatic child. Clin Rev Allerg 1, 163 (1983).

Download citation


  • Asthma
  • Asthmatic Child
  • Applied Behavior Analysis
  • Individual Psychotherapy
  • Autogenic Training