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Temporal behaviour of surface waterlogged areas using spaceborne multispectral multitemporal measurements

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Abstract

Waterlogging and subsequent salinization and/or alkalization is the major land degradation problem in the irrigation commands of the semi-arid regions. Information on the nature, extent and spatial distribution of waterlogged areas is a pre-requisite for restoration of fertility, which has hitherto been generated conventionally. Realising the potential of spaceborne multispectral measurements in providing reliable information on spatial patterns of waterlogged areas in a timely and cost-effective manner, a study was taken up to delineate and monitor the spatial distribution pattern of waterlogged areas in Mahanadi command Stage-I covering parts of Orissa state, eastern India using Landsat-TM, Indian Remote Sensing satellite (IRS-1A) Linear Imaging Self-Scanning Sensor (LISS-II) and IRS-ID LISS-III data. A systematic on-the-screen visual interpretation approach after geo-referencing and radiometric normalization of digital multispectral data in a Silicon Graphics work station using ERDAS/ IMAGINE software was followed to realize the objectives. Results point to a significant increase in the spatial extent of waterlogged areas. Seasonally waterlogged areas increased from 29330 ha to 33421 ha and permanent waterlogged areas from 10870 ha to 12973 ha during the period 1988–89 to 1999–2000. Methodology and results are discussed in detail.

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Correspondence to R. S. Dwivedi or K. V. Ramana or K. Sreenivas.

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Dwivedi, R.S., Ramana, K.V. & Sreenivas, K. Temporal behaviour of surface waterlogged areas using spaceborne multispectral multitemporal measurements. J Indian Soc Remote Sens 35, 173–184 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02990781

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Keywords

  • Remote Sensing
  • Ground Penetrating Radar
  • Command Area
  • Ground Water Table
  • Indian Remote Sensing Satellite