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Spectral models for estimation of chlorophyll content, growth and yield of wheat crop

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Abstract

Field experiments were conducted during 1998–99 and 1999–2000 at research farm of the Department of Agricultural Meteorology, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar. Five wheat cultivars: WH 542, PBW 343, UP 2338, Raj 3765 and Sonak were sown on 25th November, 10th and 25th December with four nitrogen levels viz., no nitrogen. 50, 100 and 150% of recommended dose. Leaf area index, dry matter at anthesis, final dry biomass and grain yield were recorded in all the treatments. Chlorophyll and wax contents of wheat leaves were estimated at different growth stages. Multiband spectral reflectance was measured using hand-held radiometer. Spectral indices such as simple ratio, normalized difference, transformed vegetation index, perpendicular vegetation index and greenness index were computed using the multiband spectral data. Values of all the spectral indices were maximum in 25 November sown crop with maximum dose of nitrogen (180 kg N ha-1). PBW 343 showed higher values of all the spectral indices in comparison with other cultivars. The spectral indices recorded during maximum leaf area index stage were correlated with crop parameters. Using stepwise regression, empirical models for chlorophyll, leaf area index, dry biomass and yield prediction were developed. The ’R2’ values of these models ranged between 0.87 and 0.95.

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Author information

Correspondence to Mahender Singh or Ram Niwas or M. L. Khichar or Manoj K. Yadav.

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Singh, M., Niwas, R., Khichar, M.L. et al. Spectral models for estimation of chlorophyll content, growth and yield of wheat crop. J Indian Soc Remote Sens 34, 1 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02990742

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Keywords

  • Spectral Index
  • Leaf Area Index
  • Wheat Crop
  • Simple Ratio
  • Crop Parameter