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Morphometric analysis of sub-watersheds in Gurdaspur district, Punjab using remote sensing and GIS techniques

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Abstract

Morphometric analysis of two sub-watersheds was carried using remote sensing and GIS techniques. Detailed drainage map prepared from aerial photographs and SOI toposheets was updated using latest IRS-ID PAN sharpened LISS-III analog data. Updated drainage maps were used for the morphometric analysis of the two sub-watersheds. Both the sub-watersheds show dendritic to sub-dendritic drainage pattern with moderate drainage texture. High bifurcation ratio indicates a strong structural control on the drainage. Logarithm of number of stream vs. stream order show deviation from straight line indicating regional upliftment. In spite of mountainous relief, low drainage density values indicate that the area is underlain by impermeable sub-surface material. Circulatory and elongation ratios show that both the sub-watersheds have elongated shape.

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Author information

Correspondence to Rajiv Chopra or Raman Deep Dhiman or P. K. Sharma.

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Chopra, R., Dhiman, R.D. & Sharma, P.K. Morphometric analysis of sub-watersheds in Gurdaspur district, Punjab using remote sensing and GIS techniques. J Indian Soc Remote Sens 33, 531 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02990738

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Keywords

  • Drainage Density
  • Stream Length
  • Elongation Ratio
  • Stream Segment
  • Bifurcation Ratio