One of the important parameters affecting crop yield is the availability of soil moisture to the crop. Lack of it may bring about moisture stress in plants which manifests itself in terms of changes in the spectral reflectance and emittance properties of plants. An experiment involving radiometric measurements over six wheat plots subjected to different irrigation schedules was conducted to test this hypothesis. Vegetation index defined in terms of crop reflectances in 0.6 to 0.7 and 0.8 to 1,1 micrometer bands was found to be a sensitive parameter to distinguish normal plants from moisture-stressed plants. The optimum period for the discrimination of such plants through remote sensing techniques has been indicated to be 45–80 days after sowing. The experiment also demonstrates that yield per unit area is linearly related to the maximum leaf-area index of the crop thus providing a possible method of crop yield prediction.
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Patel, N.K., Singh, T.P., Navalgund, R.R. et al. Spectral signatures of moisture-stressed wheat. Journ. Ind. Soc. Photo-int. & Remote Sensing 10, 27–34 (1982). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02990702
- Moisture Stress
- Irrigation Schedule
- Canopy Temperature
- Radiation Thermometer
- Optimum Period