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Visual discrimination of surface features of salt affected soils using satellite images in arid region of Rajasthan (India)

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Abstract

The study has been carried for visual discrimination of natural salt affected soils on FCC images of IRS 1 B in Pali district of Rajasthan. The salt affected soils show wide variations in salinity (EC2.53.7 to 28 dSm-1), alkalinity (pH 8.5-9.8), cover ofP. juliflora (10-90%), salt tolerant grasses (10–55%) and gravelly surface (20–35%). ThoughP. juliflora and grasses were present at most of the observation points their cover decreased with soil EC2.5 values more than 10 and 13 dSm-1, respectively. Five darkness categories derived as the result of visual interpretation of FCCs; and ground and laboratory studies revealed that the darkness category 1 represented fewer plant community with high salinity (EC 28.7 dSm-1) and gravelly surface, categories 2 and 3 were characterised by grass cover and moderate salt affected soils (EC 3-10 dSm-1) whereas category 4 was dominated by thicket ofP. juliflora. The derived numerical darkness categories of the FCC images were slightly low for February images. The darkness values of observation pixel on February images correlated positively withP. juliflora cover and negatively with grass cover and soil pH indicating that surface features on FCC were related with the immediate observation pixels.

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References

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Author information

Correspondence to D C Joshi.

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Joshi, D.C., Tóth, T. & Sári, D. Visual discrimination of surface features of salt affected soils using satellite images in arid region of Rajasthan (India). J Indian Soc Remote Sens 30, 33–38 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02989974

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Keywords

  • Visual Discrimination
  • Grass Cover
  • Salt Affected Soil
  • Indian Remote Sensing
  • Moderate Salt