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Ecological assessment of the environmental impacts of the kerosene burning in jet turbines and its improvement assessment

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Abstract

The burning of kerosene in jet turbines is investigated for two reference flights with a Boeing 747-400 and an Airbus A320-200, representing the typical Lufthansa planes for long and middle distance. The ecological evaluation is performed by Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). Formation of condensation trails, which is a specific environmental impact caused by air traffic, has to be considered in addition to established LCA impact categories. Based on the ecological assessment, an improvement assessment is performed. Environmental performance of diesel fuel during the combustion in car engines is analysed based on available publications. The relevant parameters for the environmental impact of the combustion of diesel (aromatics content, reduction of sulphur content, the reduction of the density and raising of the cetane number) are discussed with regard to improvements of the exhaust qualities of kerosene. A reduction of the aromatics content promises to improve the emission of soot which should be further investigated.

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Correspondence to Jutta Geldermann or Robert Gabriel.

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Geldermann, J., Gabriel, R. & Rentz, O. Ecological assessment of the environmental impacts of the kerosene burning in jet turbines and its improvement assessment. Environ. Sci. & Pollut. Res. 6, 115–121 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02987564

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Keywords

  • Air traffic
  • burning of kerosene
  • condensation trails
  • diesel fuel
  • LCA