Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Late blight resistance of five mexican potato cultivars in the eastern sierra of the state of méxico

Abstract

In the sierras of Central México there are existing cultivated potato areas as well as potential regions for commercial production and seed production. Prevailing weather conditions during the summer in these regions are also favorable for potato late blight disease (Phytophthora infestans (Mont) De Bary). The objectives of this work were to evaluate five resistant cultivars versus a susceptible control (‘Alpha’) in the eastern sierra of the State of México in order to assess resistance against the disease.

Environmental conditions for potato late blight were favorable all five years of the study, and at the end of each growing cycle, Alpha had 100% of late blight severity. Cultivars Montserrat, Michoacán, Norteña and Sangema (Rosita) showed acceptable disease resistance. Disease severity on the resistant varieties varied from 2% to 20%. There was a delay of two to eight weeks in the appearance of the first symptoms in relation to Alpha cultivar. These delays were four to five times greater than the ones observed at the Toluca Valley in previous experiments. Yield varied from 94 to 1,475 g per plant and was related to resistance to late blight. This work corroborates potato late blight resistance observed by INIFAP and CEEM scientists at the Toluca Valley. The expression of resistance is considered to be of great help in controlling the disease with a lower number of fungicide applications and better profit. In addition, using these varieties and therefore reducing the number of fungicide sprays also reduces direct damage to people and the environment.

Resumen

En las sierras de la Región Central de México, existen áreas actualmente cultivadas con papa y zonas con potencial para la producción comercial o para semilla. Las condiciones climatológicas de la zona prevalentes en estas regiones durante el verano son tambien favorables para el Tizón Tardío de la papa (Phytophthora infestans (Mont) De Bary). Los objetivos de este trabajo fueron: Evaluar 5 variedades resistentes y un testigo susceptible (‘Alpha’), bajo condiciones de la sierra oriental del Estado de México para determinar su resistencia a la enfermedad.

En los 5 años de estudios, las condiciones ambientales para el desarrollo del Tizón Tardío de la Papa fueron favorables y al final del ciclo de crecimiento, Alpha presentó un 100% de severidad del tizón tardío. Los cultivares Montserrat, Michoacán, Norteña y Sangema (Rosita) mostraron una resistencia aceptable a la enfermedad. La severidad de la enfermedad en el follaje de las variedades resistentes varió de 2% a 20%. Hubo un retraso de 2 a 8 semanas, en la aparición de los primeros síntomas en relación con el cultivar Alpha. Estos retrasos fueron de 4 a 5 veces mas grandes que los observados en experimentos previamente efectuados en el Valle de Toluca. El rendimiento varió de 94 to 1,475 g por planta y estuvo relacionado con la resistencia al tízon tardío. Este trabajo corrobora la resistencia al tizón tardío de la papa observada por los científicos del INIFAP y del CEEM en el Valle de Toluca. La expresión de la resistencia es considerada de ser de gran ayuda en el control de la enfermedad con un número menor de aplicaciones de fungicidas y mas ganancias. Además, con el uso de estas variedades, al reducir el número de aspersiones de fungicidas, también se reduce el daño directo al hombre y al medio ambiente.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Literature cited

  1. Black W, C Mastenbroek, WR Mills and LC Peterson. 1953. A proposal for an international nomenclature of races ofPhytophthora infestans and of genes controlling immunity inSolanum demissum derivatives. Euphytica 2:173–178.

  2. Cadena-Hinojosa MA, S Delgado Sanchez and F Rulfo.1970. Comportamiento de tres variedades mexicanas de papa resistentes aPhytophthora infestans (Mont.) de Bary en el Valle de Toluca. Resúmenes de los trabajos para el V congreso Nacional de Fitopatología. Chapingo, Texcoco, Edo. De México. Abstract, p 16.

  3. Cadena-Hinojosa MA, JE Fernández Elguezabal, FG Flores, MG Villarreal and A Rivera Peña, 1991. Comportamiento de variedades y de clones avanzados mexicanos resistentes al Tizón Tardío de la papaPhytophthora infestans (Mont) de Bary en el Valle de Toluca 1964-1990. Informe Técnico INIFAP-PRECODEPA. Campo Experimental Valle de México, Texcoco, Edo. de México.

  4. Caten CE. 1974. Intra-racial variation inPhytophthora infestans and adaptation to field resistance for potato late blight. Ann Appl Biol 77:259–270.

  5. Clayton RC and RC Shattock. 1995. Reduced fungicide inputs to controlPhytophthora infestans in potato cultivars with high levels of polygenic resistance. Potato Res 38:399–405.

  6. Flores-Gutiérrez FX and MA Cadena-Hinojosa 1996. Evaluation of horizontal resistance and effects of R-genes in ten Mexican cultivars against potato late blight (Phytophthora infestans) under natural conditions in the central plateau of Mexico. Rev Mex Fitopatol 102:97–102.

  7. Fry WE. 1975. Integrated effects of polygenic resistance and a protective fungicide on development of potato late blight. Phytopathology 65:908–911.

  8. Fry WE. 1978. Quantification of general resistance of potato cultivars and fungicide effects for integrated control of potato late blight. Phytopathology 68:1650–1655.

  9. Fry WE. 1980. Integration of host resistance and pesticides to manage disease. Prot Ecol 2:259–264.

  10. Fry WE and SB Goodwin. 1997. Resurgence of the Irish potato famine fungus. BioScience 47:363–371.

  11. Fry WE, SB Goodwin, AT Dyer, JM Matuszak, A Drenth, PW Tooley, LS Sujkowski, YJ Koh, BA Cohen, LJ Spielman, KL Deahl, DA Inglis and KP Sandlan. 1993. Historical and recent migrations ofPhytophthora infestans: Chronology, pathways, and implications. Plant Dis 77:653–661.

  12. Fry WE and D Shtienberg. 1990. Integration of host resistance and fungicide to manage potato diseases. Can J Plant Pathol 12:111–116.

  13. Gallegly ME and J Galindo. 1958. Mating types and oospores ofP. infestans in nature in Mexico. Phytopathology 48:274–277.

  14. Goodwin SB, LJ Spielman, JM Matuszak, SN Bergeron and WE Fry. 1992. Clonal diversity and genetic differentiation ofPhytophthora infestans populations in northern and central Mexico. Phytopathology 82:955–961.

  15. Grünwald NJ, M Cadena, O Rubio, A Rivera and WE Fry. 1999. Contribution of host-resistance to integrated control of late blight in the Toluca Valley. Phytopathology 89:S30.

  16. Grünwald NJ, MA Cadena-Hinojosa, O Rubio Covarrubias, A Rivera Peña, JS Niederhauser and WE Fry. 2002. Potato cultivars from the Mexican national program: Sources and durability of resistance against late blight. Phytopathology 92:688–693

  17. Grünwald NJ, WG Flier, AK Sturbaum, E Garay-Serrano, TBM van den Bosch, CD Smart, JM Matuszak, H Lozoya-Saldana, LJ Turkensteen and WE Fry. 2001. Population structure ofPhytophthora infestans in the Toluca Valley region of Central Mexico. Phytopathology 91:882–890.

  18. Grünwald NJ, OA Rubio-Covarrubias and WE Fry. 2000. Potato late-blight management in the Toluca Valley: Forecasts and resistant cultivars. Plant Dis 84:410–416.

  19. Hawkes JG. 1990. The Potato: Evolution, Biodiversity and Genetic Resources. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.

  20. Henfling JW. 1987. El tizón tardío de la papa:Phytophthora infestans. II Ed. Boletin de Informatión Técnica No. 4. CIP, Lima, Perú.

  21. Inglis DA, DA Johnson, DE Legard, WE Fry and PB Hamm. 1996. Relative resistances of potato clones in response to new and old populations ofPhytophthora infestans. Plant Dis 80:575–578.

  22. James RV and WE Fry. 1983. Potential forPhytophthora infestans populations to adapt to potato cultivars with rate-reducing resistance. Phytopathology 73:984–988.

  23. Jeffrey SIB, JL Jinks and M Grindle. 1962. Intraracial variation inPhytophthora infestans and field resistance to potato late blight. Genetica 32:323–338.

  24. Johnson DA, TF Cummings and PB Hamm. 2000. Cost of fungicides used to manage potato late blight in the Columbia Basin: 1996 to 1998. Plant Dis 84:399–402.

  25. Johnson R. 1984. A critical analysis of durable resistance. Annu Rev Phytopathol 22:309–330.

  26. Latin RX, DR MacKenzie and H ColeJr. 1981. The influence of host and pathogen genotypes on the apparent infection rates of potato late blight epidemics. Phytopathology 71:82–85.

  27. Mills WR and JS Niederhauser. 1953. Observations of racesof Phytophthora infestans in Mexico. Phytopathology 43:454–455.

  28. Nelson RR. 1978. Genetics of horizontal resistance to plant diseases. Annu Rev Phytopathol 16:359–378.

  29. Niederhauser JS. 1956. The blight, the blighter, and the blighted. Trans NY Acad Sci 19:55–63.

  30. Niederhauser JS. 1961. Genetic studies ofPhytophthora infestans andSolanum species in relation to late-blight resistance in potato. Recent Adv Bot 1:491–497.

  31. Niederhauser JS. 1962. Evaluation of multigenic “field resistance” of the potato toPhytophthora infestans in 10 years of trials at Toluca, Mexico. Phytopathology 52:746.

  32. Niederhauser JS. 1991.Phytophthora infestans: The Mexican connection.In: JA Lucas, RC Shattock, DS Shaw, LR Cooke (eds),Phytophthora. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK pp 25–45.

  33. Niederhauser JS. 1993. International cooperation in potato research and development. Annu Rev Phytopathol 31:1–21.

  34. Niederhauser JS, J Cervantes and L Servin. 1954. Late blight in Mexico. Am Potato J 31:233–237.

  35. Niederhauser JS and WC Cobb. 1959. The late blight of potatoes. Sci American 200:100–112.

  36. Niederhauser JS, J Fernandez, J Cervantes, G Perez and S Delgado. 1959. Tres variedades de papa resistentes al tizon tardio. Agricultura técnica en México 9:28–30.

  37. Paxman GJ. 1963. Variation inPhytophthora infestans. Eur Potato J 6:14–23.

  38. Robinson RA. 1976. Plant pathosystems. Advanced Series in Agriculture Science. Springer Verlag, NY.

  39. Robinson RA. 1996. Return to resistance: Breeding crops to reduce pesticide dependence. AgAccess, Davis, CA.

  40. Rubio COA, A Rivera Peña, JA Rangel González, M Cadena Hinojosa, R Flores López, R Rocha Rodríguez, JV Magallanes González, C Ortíz Trejo, C Díaz Hernandez, H Lípez Delgado, TE Zavala Quintana, M Díaz Valasis and A Paredes Tenorio. 2000. Manual para la Productión de Papa en las Sierras y Valles Altos del Centro de México. Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestries, Agrícolas y Pecuarias, Zinacantepec, Estado de México, México.

  41. Shaner G and RE Finney. 1977. The effect of nitrogen fertilization on the expression of slow mildewing resistance in Knox wheat. Phytopathology 67:1051–1056.

  42. Thurston HD. 1971. Relationship of general resistance: Late blight of potato. Phytopathology 61:620–626.

  43. Thurston HD. 1980. International potato disease research for developing countries. Plant Dis 64:252–257.

  44. Thurston HD, LE Heidrick and NJ Guzman. 1962. Partial resistance toPhytophthora infestans (Mont.) de Bary within the Coleccion Central Colombiana. Am Potato J 39:63–69.

  45. Tooley PW, WE Fry and MJ Villareal-Gonzalez. 1985. Isozyme characterization of sexual and asexualPhytophthora infestans populations. J Hered 76:431–435.

  46. Turkensteen LJ. 1993. Durable resistance of potatoes againstPhytophthora infestans.In: T Jacobs, JE Parlevliet (eds), Durability of Disease Resistance. Kluwer Academic Press, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp 115–124.

  47. van der Plank JE. 1963. Plant diseases: Epidemics and control. Academic Press, New York, NY.

  48. van der Plank JE. 1968. Disease resistance in plants. Academic Press, New York, NY.

  49. van der Plank JE. 1971. Stability of resistance toPhytophthora infestans in cultivars without R genes. Potato Res 14:263–270.

  50. Wastie RL. 1991. Breeding for resistance.In: DS Ingram, PH Williams (eds),Phytophthora infestans, the Cause of Late Blight of Potato. Academic Press, London, UK. pp 193–224.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Mateo Armando Cadena-Hinojosa or Margarita Díaz-Valasis or Remigio A. Guzmán-Plazola or Sylvia Fernández-Pavía or Niklaus J. Grünwald.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Cadena-Hinojosa, M.A., Díaz-Valasis, M., Guzmán-Plazola, R.A. et al. Late blight resistance of five mexican potato cultivars in the eastern sierra of the state of méxico. Amer J of Potato Res 84, 385–392 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02987184

Download citation

Additional key words

  • Phytophthora infestans
  • Solanum tuberosum
  • durable resistance
  • horizontal resistance
  • polygenic resistance
  • race non-specific resistance
  • vertical resistance
  • R-genes
  • race-specific resistance