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Der Beitrag des Tiefsee-Bohrprogramms zur Foraminiferen-Forschung

The contribution of the deep sea drilling project to foraminiferal research

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Abstract

The American Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) with the deep-sea drilling vessel “Glomar Challenger” so far cored about 34 000 meters of sediment at more than 360 drilling sites in the world oceans. This resulted in a wealth of data and new concepts not only in the field of global tectonics but also in biostratigraphy and paleontology. The knowledge of foraminifera as well as of calcareous nannofossils and siliceous organisms has been considerably improved.

A general view is shown in Table 1 on all fossil groups described in the first 26 volumes of the Initial Reports DSDP from deep sea drilling cores, together with their authors as well as the geographical area and the oldest dated sediments of the leg.

The project yielded important new ideas in the fields of evolution and taxonomy of foraminifera as well as on the importance of “instantaneous paleontological events” for biostratigraphical dating. Cool and cold periods are shown to be followed by an increased evolution, and taxonomic characteristics to be dependant on water temperature. When transferring the zonation based on planktonic foraminifera into cooler climatic areas remarkable difficulties were noted as the zonation had been merely established in tropical climatic areas. The first indications of climatic zonation were noticed during the Eocene/Oligocene. Benthonic foraminifera in foraminiferal associations of deep ocean basins were only involved by about 1 per cent during the Neogene and Quaternary. Benthonic foraminifera of the Paleogene and Mesozoic are far more important for biostratigraphy and paleogeography.

A complete list is given of the papers published on foraminifera in vols. 1–26 of the Initial Reports DSDP.

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Foraminiferen-Bibliographie

  1. Akers, W. H. (1972): Larger Foraminifera from Hole 98. — [In:]Hollister, C.D.;Ewing, J. I. et al., 1972, Ink. Repts. DSDP,11, 545–546, 1 Taf.

  2. - (1974): Foraminiferal Range Charts for Arabian Sea and Red Sea Sites, Leg. 23. — [In:]Davies, T. A.;Luyendyk, B.P. et al., 1974, Ink. Repts. DSDP,26, 1013–1050.

  3. - (1974): Results of Shore Laboratory Studies on Tertiary and Quaternary Foraminifera from Leg 26. — [In:]Davies, T. A.;Luyendyk, B.P. et al., 1974, Ink. Repts. DSDP,26, 973–982, 15 Tab.

  4. Beckmann, J. P. (1971): The Foraminifera of Sites 68 to 75. — [In:]Tracey, J. I.;Sutton, G.H. et al., 1971, Ink. Repts. DSDP,8, 713–725, 1 Abb., 1 Taf., 1 Tab.

  5. - (1972): The Foraminifera and Some Associated Microfossils of Sites 135–144. — [In:]Hayes, D.E.;Pimm, A. C. et al., 1972, Ink. Repts. DSDP,14, 389–420, 11 Tab.

  6. Berggren, W. A. (1969): Cenozoic Foraminiferal Faunas. — [In:]Ewing, M.;Worzel, J. L. et al., 1969, Ink. Repts. DSDP,1, 594–607, Taf. 1–3.

  7. Berggren, W. A., (1972): Late Pliocene — Pleistocene Glaciation. — [In:]Laughton, A. S.;Berggren, W. A., et al., 1972, Init. Repts. DSDP12, 953–963, 4 Abb.

  8. - (1972): Cenozoic Biostratigraphy and Paleobiogeography of the North Atlantic. — [In:]Laughton, A. S.;Berggren, W. A. et al., 1972, Init. Repts. DSDP12, 965–1001, 6 Abb., 13 Taf.

  9. Berggren, W. A.,Lohmann, G. P. &Poore, R. Z. (1974): Shore Laboratory Report on Cenozoic Planktonic Foraminifera: Leg 22. — [In:] von derBorch, C. C.;Sclater, J. G. et al. 1974, Init. Repts. DSDP,22, 635–655, 7 Tab.

  10. Blow, W. H.: Deep Sea Drilling Project, Leg …, Foraminifera from Selected Samples. — [In:] (diese Beiträge gibt es für die folgenden Bände:) 1969,1, 392–397; 1970,2, 357–365; 1970,3, 629–662; 1971,4, 383–400; 1971,6, 1013–1026.

  11. Bolli, H. M. (1970): The Foraminifera of Sites 23–31, Leg 4. — [In:]Bader, R. G.;Gerard, R. D. et al., 1970, Init. Repts. DSDP,4, 577–643, 9 Taf.

  12. Bolli, H. M. &Premoli Silva, I. (1973): Oligocene to Recent Planktonic Foraminifera and Stratigraphy of the Leg 15 Sites in the Caribbean Sea. — [In:]Edgar, N. T.;Saunders, J. B. et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP15, 475–497, 15 Abb.

  13. Boltovskoy, E. (1974): Neogene Planktonic Foraminifera of the Indian Ocean (DSDP, Leg 26). — [In:]Davies, T.A.;Luyendyk, B. P. et al., 1974, Init. Repts. DSDP,26, 675–741, 9 Abb., 14 Taf., 2 Tab.

  14. - (1974): Late Pliocene and Quaternary Paleoclimatic Changes, Indian Ocean, DSDP, Leg 26. — [In:]Davies, T.A.;Luyendyk, B. P. et al., 1974, Init. Repts. DSDP,26, 743–744, 1 Abb.

  15. Brönnimann, P. &Resig, J. (1971): A Neogene Globigerinacean Biochronologic Time-Scale of the Southwestern Pacific. — [In:]Winterer, E. L.;Riedel, W. R. et al., 1971, Init. Repts. DSDP,7, 1235–1469, 25 Abb., 51 Taf., 10 Tab.

  16. Bukry, D.;Douglas, R. G.;Kling, St. A. &Krasheninnikov, V. A. (1971): Planktonic Microfossil Biostratigraphy of the Northwestern Pacific Ocean. — [In:]Fischer, A. G.;Heezen, B. C. et al, 1971, Init. Repts. DSDP,6, 1253–1300, 9 Abb., 4 Taf.

  17. Bukry, D.,Dinkelman, M. G. &Kaneps, A. (1973): Biostratigraphy of the Equatorial East Pacific Rise. — [In:] vanAndel, T. H.;Heath, G. R. et al., 1973, Init Repts. DSDP,16, 915–927, 8 Abb.

  18. Caron, M. (1972): Planktonic Foraminifera from the Upper Cretaceous of Site 98, Leg 11, DSDP. — [In:]Hollister, C.D.;Ewing, J.I. et al., 1972, Init. Repts. DSDP,11, 551–559, 3 Abb., 2 Taf., 1 Tab.

  19. Ciaranfi, N. &Cita, M. B. (1973): Paleontological Evidence of Changes in the Pliocene Climate. — [In:]Ryan, W.B. F.;Hsü, K. J. et al., 1973, Init Repts. DSDP,13, 1387–1399, 4 Abb.

  20. Cita, M. B. (1973): Inventory of Biostratigraphical Findings and Problems. — [In:]Ryan, W.B. F.;Hsü, K.J. et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,13, 1045–1073, 5 Abb., 4 Taf.

  21. - (1973): Pliocene Biostratigraphy and Chronostratigraphy. — [In:]Ryan, W. B. F.;Hsü, K.J. et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,13, 1343–1379, 15 Abb., 7 Taf.

  22. Cita, M. B.;Chierici, M. A.;Ciampo, G.;Montcharmont Zei, M.; d’Onofrio, S.;Ryan, W. B. F. &Scorziello, R.: The Quaternary Record in the Tyrrhenian and Jonian Basins of the Mediterranean Sea. — [In:]Ryan, W. B. F.;Hsü, K.J. et al, 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,13, 1263–1339, 14 Abb., 20 Taf., 4 Tab.

  23. Cita, M. B.;Nigrini, C. &Gartner, S. (1970): Biostratigraphy. — [In:]Peterson, M.N. A.;Edgar, T.N. et al., 1970, Init. Repts. DSDP,2, 391–411, 2 Taf.

  24. Douglas, R. C. (1971): Cretaceous Foraminifera from the Northwestern Pacific Ocean. — [In:]Fischer, A. G.;Heezen, B.C. et al., 1971, Init. Repts. DSDP,6, 1027–1053, 1 Abb., 3 Taf., 4 Tab.

  25. - (1973): Benthonic Foraminiferal Biostratigraphy in the Central North Pacific, Leg 17, Deep Sea Drilling Project. — [In:]Winterer, E. L.;Ewing, J. I. et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,17, 607–671, 3 Abb., 25 Taf., 3 Tab.

  26. - (1973): Planktonic Foraminiferal Biostratigraphy in the Central North Pacific Ocean. — [In:]Winterer, E. L.;Ewing, J. I. et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,17, 673–694, 6 Abb., 12 Tab.

  27. Douglas, R. C. &Savin, S. M. (1971): Isotopic Analyses of Planktonic Foraminifera from the Cenozoic of the Northwest Pacific, Leg 6. — [In:]Fischer, A. G.;Heezen, B. C. et al., 1971, Init. Repts. DSDP,6, 1123–1127, 3 Abb., 1 Tab.

  28. - (1973): Oxygen and Carbon Isotope Analyses of Cretaceous and Tertiary Foraminifera from the Central North Pacific. — [In:]Winterer, E. L.;Ewing, J.I. et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,17, 591–605, 8 Abb., 2 Tab.

  29. Echols, R.J. (1973): Foraminifera, Leg 19, Deep Sea Drilling Project. — [In:]Creager, J. S.;Scholl, D.W. et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,19, 721–735, 2 Abb., 1 Taf., 7 Tab.

  30. Fleisher, R. L. (1974): Cenozoic Planktonic Foraminifera and Biostratigraphy, Arabian Sea, Deep Sea Drilling Project, Leg 23 A. — [In:]Whitmarsh, R. B.;Weser, O.;Ross, D. A. et al., 1974, Init. Repts. DSDP23, 1001–1072, 1 Abb., 21 Taf., 2 Tab.

  31. - (1974): Preliminary Report on Late Neogene Red Sea Foraminifera, Deep Sea Drilling Project, Leg 23 B. — [In:]Davies, T. A.;Luyendyk, B. P. et al., 1974, Init. Repts. DSDP,26, 985–1011, 2 Abb., 2 Taf., 2 Tab.

  32. Foreman, H. P.;Hekel, H.;Hoskins, R. H. &Krasheninnikov, V. A. (1973): Biostratigraphic Synthesis, Leg 20, DSDP. — [In:]Heezen, B.C.;Macgregor, J. D. et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,20, 645–651, 11 Abb.

  33. Gartner, S.;Johnson, D.A. &Mcgowran, B. (1974): Paleontology Synthesis of Deep Sea Drilling Results from Leg 22 in the Northeastern Indian Ocean. — [In:] von derBorch, C.C.;Sclater, J.G. et al, 1974, Init. Repts. DSDP,22, 805–813, 1 Abb., 1 Tab.

  34. Heiman, M. E.;Frerichs, W. E. &Vincent, E.: Paleogene Planktonic Foraminifera from the Western Tropical Indian Ocean, Deep Sea Drilling Project, Leg 24. — [In:]Fisher, R. L.;Bunce, E. T. et al., 1974, Init. Repts. DSDP,24, 851–857, 1 Abb., 4 Tab.

  35. Herb, R. (1974): Cretaceous Planktonic Foraminifera from the Eastern Indian Ocean. — [In:]Davies, T.A.;Luyendyk, B. P. et al., 1974, Init. Repts. DSDP,26, 745–769, 6 Abb., 7 Taf.

  36. Hottinger, L. (1972): Campanian Larger Foraminifera from Site 98, Leg 11 of the Deep Sea Drilling Project (Northwest Providence-Channel, Bahama Islands). — [In:]Hollister, C.D.;Ewing, J.I. et al, 1972, Init. Repts. DSDP,11, 595–605, 11 Abb., 3 Taf.

  37. Ingle, J. C. (1973): Neogene Foraminifera from the Northeastern Pacific Ocean, Leg 18, Deep Sea Drilling Project. — [In:]Kulm, L. D.; vonHuene, R. et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,18, 517–567, 7 Abb., 27 Tab.

  38. - (1973): Summary Comments on Neogene Biostratigraphy, Physical Stratigraphy, and Paleo-oceanography in the Marginal Northeastern Pacific Ocean. — [In:]Kulm, L. D.; vonHuene, R. et al, 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,18, 949–960, 5 Abb. (inklusiv Quartär).

  39. Jenkins, D. G. &Orr, W.N. (1972): Planktonic Foraminiferal Biostratigraphy of the Eastern Equatorial Pacific. — DSDP Leg 9. — [In:]Hays, J. D.;Cook III, E. et al., 1972, Init. Repts. DSDP,9, 1059–1193, 9 Abb., 41 Taf.

  40. Kaneps, A. G. (1973): Cenozoic Planktonic Foraminifera from the Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean. — [In:] vanAndel, T.H.;Heath, G.R. et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,16, 713–745, 7 Abb., 8 Tab.

  41. Kennett, J. P. (1973): Middle and Late Cenozoic Planktonic Foraminiferal Biostratigraphy of the Southwest Pacific — DSDP Leg 21. — [In:]Burns, R. E.;Andrews, et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,21, 575–639, 12 Abb., 21 Taf.

  42. Krasheninnikov, V. A. (1971): Cenozoic Foraminifera. — [In:]Fischer, A. G.;Heezen, B.C. et al., 1971, Init. Repts. DSDP,6, 1027–1053, 1 Abb., 3 Taf., 4 Tab.

  43. - (1973): Cretaceous Benthonic Foraminifera, Leg 20, Deep Sea Drilling Project. — [In:]Heezen, B.C.;McGregor, J. D. et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,20, 205–219, 3 Taf.

  44. Krasheninnikov, V. A. &Hoskins, R. H. (1973): Late Cretaceous, Paleogene and Neogene Planktonic Foraminifera. — [In:]Heezen, B.C.;McGregor, J.D., et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,20, 105–203, 35 Taf., 4 Tab.

  45. Luterbacher, H. (1972): Paleocene and Eocene Planktonic Foraminifera, Leg 11, DSDP. — [In:]Hollister, C.D.;Ewing, J.I. et al., 1972, Init. Repts. DSDP,11, 547–550, 2 Abb.

  46. - (1972): Foraminifera from the Lower Cretaceous and Upper Jurassic of the Northwestern Atlantic. Preliminary Note. — [In:]Hollister, C.D.;Ewing, J. I. et al., 1972, Init. Repts. DSDP,11, 561–593, 6 Abb., 8 Taf.

  47. Maync, W. (1973): Lower Cretaceous Foraminiferal Fauna from Gorringe Bank, Eastern North Atlantic. — [In:]Ryan, W. B. F.,Hsü , K.J. et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,13, 1075–1111, 2 Abb., 4 Taf., 1 Tab.

  48. - (1973): Lower Cretaceous Limestones from the Hellenic Trough, Jonian Basin (Site 127). — [In:]Ryan, W.B. F.;Hsü, K.J. et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,13, 1112–1135, 3 Abb., 8 Taf.

  49. Mcgowran, B. (1974): Foraminifera. — [In:] von derBorch, C. C.;Sclater, J.G. et al, 1974, Init. Repts. DSDP,22, 609– 627, 4 Abb., 6 Tab.

  50. Mcneely, B. W. (1973): Biostratigraphy of the Mesozoic and Paleogene Pelagic Sediments of the Campeche Embankment Area. — [In:]Worzel, J. L.;Bryant, W. et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,10, 679–695, 1 Abb., 5 Taf., 2 Tab.

  51. Nigrini, C.;Fleisher, R. L. &Boudreaux, J. E.: Leg 23 Biostratigraphic Synthesis: Lower Eocene to Pleistocene of the Arabian Sea. — [In:]Whitmarsh, R. B.;Weser, O.;Ross, D. A. et al., 1974, Init. Repts. DSDP,23, 1095–1113, 2 Tab.

  52. Olsson, R. K. (1973): Growth Studies onGloborotalia exilis Blow andGloborotalia pertenuis Beard in the Hole 154 A Section, Leg 15, Deep Sea Drilling Project. — [In:]Edgar, N. T.;Saunders, J.B. et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,15, 475–497, 15 Abb.

  53. Olsson, R. K. &Goll, R. (1970): Biostratigraphy. — [In:]Mcmanus, D. A.;Burns, R. E. et al., 1970, Init. Repts. DSDP,5, 557–567, 4 Abb.

  54. Pessagno, E. A. (1969): Mesozoic Planktonic Foraminifera and Radiolaria. — [In:]Ewing, M.;Worzel, J. L. et al., 1969, Init. Repts. DSDP,1, 607–621, Taf. 4–7.

  55. Pessagno, E. A. &Longoria T., J. T. (1973): Mesozoic Foraminifera, Leg 15, Deep Sea Drilling Project. — [In:]Edgar, N. T.;Saunders, J. B. et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,15, 549–552.

  56. Pessagno, E. A. &Michael, F. Y. (1974): Mesozoic Foraminifera, Leg 22, Site 217. — [In:] von derBorch, C. C.;Sclater, J. G. et al., 1974, Init. Repts. DSDP,22, 629–634.

  57. - (1974): Results of Shore Laboratory Studies on Mesozoic Planktonic Foraminifera from Leg 26 Sites 255, 256, 257 and 258. — [In:]Davies, T. A.;Luyendyk, B. P. et al, 1974, Init. Repts. DSDP,26, 969–972.

  58. Poag, C. W. (1972): Neogene Planktonic Foraminiferal Biostratigraphy of the Western North Atlantic; DSDP Leg 11. — [In:]Hollister, C. D.;Ewing, J. I. et al., 1972, Init. Repts. DSDP,11, 483–543, 8 Abb., 11 Taf.

  59. Premoli Silva, I. &Bolli, H. M. (1973): Late Cretaceous to Eocene Planktonic Foraminifera and Stratigraphy of Leg 15 Sites in the Caribbean Sea. — [In:]Edgar, T. N.;Saunders, J.B. et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,15, 499–547, 20 Abb., 10 Taf.

  60. Rögl, F. &Bolli, H.M. (1973): Holocene to Pleistocene Planktonic Foraminifera of Leg 15, Site 147 (Cariaco Basin (Trench), Caribbean Sea) and Their Climatic Interpretation. — [In:]Edgar, T.N.;Saunders, J.B. et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,15, 553–574, 6 Abb., 18 Taf., 2 Tab.

  61. Sachs, K. N. (1969): Report on Larger Foraminifera from Sites 4 and 5. — [In:]Ewing, M.;Worzel, J. L. et al., 1969, Init. Repts. DSDP,1, 398–399.

  62. Saunders, J.B.;Beaudry, F.M.;Hay, W. W.;Bolli, H.M.;Rogl, F.;Riedel, W. R.;Sanfilippo, A. &Premoli Silva, I.: Paleocene to Recent Planktonic Microfossil Distribution in the Marine and Land Areas of the Caribbean. — [In:]Edgar, T. N.;Saunders, J.B. et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,15, 769–771, 4 Übers.-Tab. i. d. Anlage.

  63. Sigal, J. (1974): Comments on Leg 25 Sites in Relation to the Cretaceous and Paleogene Stratigraphy in the Eastern and Southeastern African Coast and Madagascar Regional Setting — [In:]Simpson, E. W. S.;Schlich, R. et al., 1974, Init. Repts. DSDP,25, 687–723, 6 Abb., 11 Taf.

  64. Smith, L. A. &Beard, J. H. (1973): The Late Neogene of the Gulf of Mexico. — [In:]Worzel, J. L.;Bryant, W. et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,10, 643–677, 16 Abb.

  65. Smith, L. A. &Mcneely, B. W. (1973): Summary of Leg 10 Biostratigraphy. — [In:]Worzel, J.L.;Bryant, W. et al., 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,10, 731–736, 4 Abb.

  66. Vincent, E. (1974): Cenozoic Planktonic Biostratigraphy and Paleoceanography of the Tropical Western Indian Ocean. — [In:]Fisher, R. L.;Bunce, E. T. et al., 1974, Init. Repts. DSDP,24, 1111–1150, 26 Abb.

  67. Vincent, E.;Frerichs, W. E. &Heimann, M. E. (1974): Neogene Planktonic Foraminifera from the Gulf of Aden and the Western Tropical Indian Ocean, Deep Sea Drilling Project, Leg 24. — [In:]Fisher, R. L.;Bunce, E. T. et al, 1974, Init. Repts. DSDP,24, 827– 849, 3 Abb., 2 Taf., 8 Tab.

  68. Vincent, E.;Gibson, J. M. &Brun, L. (1974): Paleocene and Early Eocene Microfacies, Benthonic Foraminifera, and Paleobathymetry of Deep Sea Drilling Project Sites 236 and 237, Western Indian Ocean. — [In:]Fisher, R. L.;Bunce, E. T. et al., 1974, Init. Repts. DSDP,24, 859–885, 5 Abb., 4 Taf., 4 Tab.

  69. Webb, P.N. (1973): Upper Cretaceous-Paleocene Foraminifera from Site 208 (Lord Howe Rise, Tasman Sea) DSDP, Leg 21. — [In:]Burns, R. E.;Andrews, J. E. et al, 1973, Init. Repts. DSDP,21, 541–573, 8 Abb., 6 Taf.

  70. Zobel, B. (1974): Quaternary and Neogene Foraminifera: Biostratigraphy. — [In:]Simpson, E. S. W.;Schlich, R. et al., 1974, Init. Repts. DSDP,25, 573–578, 2 Abb., 5 Tab.

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Zobel, B. Der Beitrag des Tiefsee-Bohrprogramms zur Foraminiferen-Forschung. Paläont. Z. 49, 346–363 (1975). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02986551

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