Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Climate and soil conditions ofRauwolfia serpentina in India

  • 21 Accesses

  • 1 Citations


1.|Data on climatic and soil conditions whereR. serpentina is growing in a natural state are presented in this paper.

2.|A climate with a range of temperature from 50°F to 100°F and an annual rainfall of about 100 inches mainly through the southwest monsoon, seems to be well suited for this species.

3.|The soils whereR. serpentina is growing in a natural state are acidic with soil pH around 4.0, clayey to clayey loam in texture, include an abundance of humus and have a good drainage.

4.|The NPK requirements of the species are presented.

5.|The Deccan peninsula seems to be more suitable for cultivation ofR. serpentina than the sub-Himalayan regions.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Literature Cited

  1. la.

    Badhwar, R. L., G. V. Karira and S. Ramaswami. 1955.Rauwolfia serpentina—The wonder drug of India (Rauwolfia, Sarpagandha). Ind. For.81: 268.

  2. 1b.

    ——., ——, and ——, 1956.Rauwolfia serpentina—Methods of propagation and their effect on root production. Ind. Jour. Pharm.18: 170–175.

  3. 2.

    Biswas, K. 1956. Cultivation of Rauwolfias in West Bengal. Ind. Jour. Pharm.18: 227–232.

  4. 3.

    Chandra V. 1956. Studies onRauvolfia Part I—Propagation ofRauvolfia serpentina Benth. Ind. Jour. Pharm.18: 132–136.

  5. 4.

    Hooker, J. D. 1882. The Flora of British India. Vol. 3. Ashford, Kent, pp. 632–634.

  6. 5.

    Kaul, K. N. 1956. Observations on the natural occurrence and cultural methods ofRauwolfia serpentina Benth. Ind. Jour. Pharm.18: 127–131.

  7. 6.

    Monachino, Joseph. 1954.Rawolfia serpentina—its history, botany and medical use. Econ. Bot.8: 349–365.

  8. 7.

    Nayar, S. L. 1956. Experimental propagation and culture ofRawolfia serpentina Benth., by seeds. In. Jour. Pharm.,18: 125–126.

  9. 8.

    Proceedings of the Symposium onRauvolfia. Coune. Sci. and Ind. Res., New Delhi, 1956.

  10. 9.

    Rawlins, T. E. 1933. Phytopathological methods. John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York.

  11. 10.

    Santapau, H. 1956. The botanical aspects ofRauvolfia serpentina Benth. Ind. Jour. Pharm.18: 117–125.

  12. 11.

    Varadarajan. P. D. 1953. Soil conditions and wilt of plants with special reference to trace element nutrition. Ph.D. thesis submitted to the University of Madras.

  13. 12.

    Woodson, R, E., H. W. Youngken, E. Schlittler and J. A. Schneider. 1957. Rauwolfia: Botany, Pharmacognosy, Chemistry and Pharmacology. Little Brown and Company, Boston, Toronto.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to P. D. Varadarajan.

Additional information

Based on the paper presented by the author in the Symposium on Production and Utilisation of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in India at the Regional Research Laboratory, Jammu, in November, 1961.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Varadarajan, P.D. Climate and soil conditions ofRauwolfia serpentina in India. Econ Bot 17, 133–138 (1963). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02985363

Download citation


  • Southwest Monsoon
  • Good Drainage
  • Clayey Loam
  • Serpen
  • Text Figure