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Internet-based Real-time obstacle avoidance of a mobile robot

Abstract

In this research, a remote control system has been developed and implemented, which combines autonomous obstacle avoidance in real-time with force-reflective tele-operation. A teleoperated mobile robot is controlled by a local two-degrees-of-freedom force-reflective joystick that a human operator holds while he is monitoring the screen. In the system, the force-reflective joystick transforms the relation between a mobile robot and the environment to the operator as a virtual force which is generated in the form of a new collision vector and reflected to the operator. This reflected force makes the tele-operation of a mobile robot safe from collision in an uncertain and obstacle-cluttered remote environment. A mobile robot controlled by a local operator usually takes pictures of remote environments and sends the images back to the operator over the Internet. Because of limitations of communication bandwidth and the narrow viewangles of the camera, the operator cannot observe shadow regions and curved spaces frequently. To overcome this problem, a new form of virtual force is generated along the collision vector according to both distance and approaching velocity between an obstacle and the mobile robot, which is obtained from ultrasonic sensors. This virtual force is transferred back to the two-degrees-of-freedom master joystick over the Internet to enable a human operator to feel the geometrical relation between the mobile robot and the obstacle. It is demonstrated by experiments that this haptic reflection improves the performance of a tele-operated mobile robot significantly.

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Author information

Correspondence to Jae Pyung Ko or Jang Myung Lee.

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Ko, J.P., Lee, J.M. Internet-based Real-time obstacle avoidance of a mobile robot. J Mech Sci Technol 19, 1290 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02984049

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Key Words

  • Tele-operation
  • Collision Vector
  • Force Reflection
  • Virtual Impedance
  • Obstacle Avoidance