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Effects of the host, the pathogen, the environment and their interactions, on fusarium wilt in carnation

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Abstract

Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.dianthi causes severe wilting in carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) worldwide. The pathogen is present in the soil profile in which carnation roots are distributed and may infect the plants at any time during the growing season. To minimize the losses induced by Fusarium wilt, growers use carnation cuttings free ofFusarium spp. and fumigate the soil with methyl bromide prior to planting. The severity of epidemics and the resulting losses are governed by the main and interacting effects of the three components of the disease syndrome: the host, the pathogen and the environment. Host variables include the type and the degree of cultivar resistance (i.e., complete, partial or tolerance); pathogen variables include the race, its virulence and infectivity, and the amount of initial inoculum; environmental variables include solar radiation intensity, photoperiod, temperature and the growth substrate. In the present review the information available on the effect of the host, the pathogen and the environment, and their interactions, on Fusarium wilt in carnation is summarized.

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Correspondence to D. Shtienberg.

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Ben-Yephet, Y., Shtienberg, D. Effects of the host, the pathogen, the environment and their interactions, on fusarium wilt in carnation. Phytoparasitica 25, 207–216 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02981734

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Keywords

  • Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.dianthi, photoperiod
  • growth substrate
  • solar radiation
  • epidemiology