Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Epidemiological and economic models for spread and control of citrus tristeza virus disease

  • 120 Accesses

  • 35 Citations


Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) causes a most destructive citrus disease in many parts of the world, and indications of natural spread were found in Israel in 1970. The strategy for controlling the disease in Israel is based on the eradication of virus-infected trees, detected by test plants or immunological methods. Mathematical models for CTV infection and spread were developed and used to assess the cost-effectiveness of the eradication policy. It was concluded that the discovery-eradication program is economically justified and superior to allowing the disease to progress unchecked.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.

    Allen, R. N. (1978) Epidemiological factors influencing the success of roguing for the control of bunchy top disease of bananas in New South Wales.Aust. J. agric. Res. 29: 535–544.

  2. 2.

    Bailey, N. T. J. (1975) The Mathematical Theory of Infectious Diseases. Hafner, New York, NY.

  3. 3.

    Bar-Joseph, M., Garnsey, S. M., Gonsalves, D., Moscovitz, M., Purcifull, D. E., Clark, M. F. and Loebenstein, G. (1979) The use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of citrus tristeza virus.Phytopathology 69: 190–194.

  4. 4.

    Roistacher, C. N. (1976) Tristeza in the Central Valley: A warning.Citrograph 62: 16–23.

  5. 5.

    Thresh, J. M. (1980) The origins and epidemiology of some important plant virus diseases.Appl. Biol. 5: 1–65.

  6. 6.

    VanderPlank, J. E. (1975) Principles of Plant Infection. Academic Press, New York, NY.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Svetlana Fishman or Ruth Marcus or H. Talpaz or M. Bar-Joseph or Y. Oren or R. Salomon or M. Zohar.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Fishman, S., Marcus, R., Talpaz, H. et al. Epidemiological and economic models for spread and control of citrus tristeza virus disease. Phytoparasitica 11, 39–49 (1983). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02980710

Download citation

Key Words

  • Citrus tristeza virus
  • spread of epidemic
  • eradication policy
  • no-eradication policy