Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Controlling allium white rot (sclerotium cepivorum) without chemicals

  • 79 Accesses

  • 3 Citations


Integrated systems based on biological and cultural methods, hygiene and sanitation offer potential for the control of white rot. The need to avoid chemicals has prompted research on the dynamics of sclerotium production, depletion and germination.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Campacci, C.A. (1946) Podridao branca do alho e de cebola.Biologico 12, 279–281. Coley-Smith, J.R. (1960) Studies of the biology ofSclerotium cepivorum Beik. IV. Germination of sclerotia.Annals of Applied Biology 48, 8–18.

  2. Coley-Smith, J.R.; Mitchell, CM.; Sansford, C.E. (1990) Long-term survival ofSclerotium cepivorum andStromatinia gladioli.Plant Pathology 39, 58–69.

  3. El Gammal, M.M.; Ibrahim, M.Y. (1983) Avoiding white rot disease through growing onions from sets. In: Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Allium White Rot (Beltsville, MD), pp. 115-117.

  4. Entwistle, A.R. (1986) Loss of control ofAllium white rot by fungicides and its implications.Aspects of Applied Biology 40, 166–175.

  5. Entwistle, A.R. (1990a) Root diseases. In: Rabinowitch, H.D. and Brewster, J.L. [Eds.]Onions and Allied Crops Vol. II, Agronomy, Bio tic Interactions, Pathology and Crop Protection. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. pp. 103–154.

  6. Entwistle, A.R. (1990) Aerobic composting, solar heating or combined polythene mulch and dazomet treatment to eradicateSclerotium cepivorum sclerotia from infected plants. In:Proceedings of Fourth International Workshop on Allium White Rot (Neustadt/Weinstrasse, Germany), pp. 166–173.

  7. Entwistle, A.R.; Munasinghe, H.L. (1981) The effect of seed and stem base treatment with iprodione on white rot(Sclerotium cepivorum) in autumn-sown salad onions.Annals of Applied Biology 97, 269–276.

  8. Groves, K.; Chough, K.S. (1970) Fate of the fungicide 2,6-dichloro-4-nitroaniline (DCNA) in plants and soils.Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 18, 1127–1128.

  9. Laborde, J. (1987) Coexistence of garlic white rot with commercial production in Central Mexico. In:Proceedings of Third International Workshop on Allium White Rot (Wellesboume, UK), Section 1, pp. 24–40.

  10. Melero, J.M.; Gonzalez, R.; Gomez, J.; Bejarano, J.; Basallote, M.J. (1989) Serialization of soils in Andalusia using plastics film.Plasticulture 82, 73–82.

  11. Merriman, P.R.; Isaacs, S. (1978) Evaluation of onions as a trap crop forSclerotium cepivorum.Soil Biology and Biochemistry 10, 339–340.

  12. Satour, M.M.; Abdel-Rahim, M.F.; El-Yamani, T.; Grinstein, A.; Rabinowitch, H.D.; Katan, J. (1989) Soil solarization in onion fields in Egypt and Israel: short— and long-term effects.Acta Horticulturae 255, 151–159.

  13. Walker, A.; Brown, P.A.; Entwistle, A.R. (1986) Enhanced degradation of iprodione and vinclozolin in soil.Pesticide Science 17, 183–193.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to A. R. Entwistle.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Entwistle, A.R. Controlling allium white rot (sclerotium cepivorum) without chemicals. Phytoparasitica 20, S121–S125 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02980422

Download citation


  • Solar Heating
  • Iprodione
  • Plant Spacing
  • Trap Crop
  • Vinclozolin