The effectiveness of buprofezin (aqueous suspensions from 25% wettable powder) on cumulative nymph mortality and reproduction of two homopterous pests,Icerya purchasi Maskell (Margarodidae) andPlanococcus citri (Risso) (Pseudococcidae), was investigated under laboratory conditions. Buprofezin was very effective against crawlers of both species. Dipping in concentrations of 0.002%, 0.01% and 0.05% (a. i.) resulted in 91–99% nymph mortality ofP. citri, whereas 100% mortality was recorded whenI. purchasi was treated at 0.05% (a. i.); the 3rd-instar nymphs ofI. purchasi were less susceptible to the chemical. Death of the larval stages occurred mainly during the molting process to the 2nd-instar nymphs. At 0.05%, buprofezin sprayed on adults slightly reduced fecundity and decreased egg hatch to 31% forI. purchasi and, depending on the exposure period of the females, to 49-7% forP. citri. Buprofezin at 0.05% exhibited strong ovicidal activity onP. citri, resulting in inhibition of over 80% egg hatch.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Anon. (1989) Applaud (buprofezin) technical information. Nihon Nohyaku Co. Ltd., Tokyo.
Avidov, Z. and Gothilf, S. (1960) Observations on the honeydew moth (Cryptoblabes gnidiella Millière) in Israel.Ktavim 10:109–124.
Avidov, Z. and Harpaz, I. (1969) Plant Pests of Israel, pp. 177–185. Israel Universities Press, Jerusalem.
Bartlett, B. R., Clausen, C. P., DeBach, P., Goeden, R. D., Legner, E. F., McMurtry, J. A., Oatman, E. R. and Rosen, D. (1978) Introduced Parasites and Predators of Arthropod Pests and Weeds: A World Review.U. S. Dep. Agric. Agric. Handb. 480:150–155.
Blumberg, D. and DeBach, P. (1979) Development ofHabrolepis rouxi Compere (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) in two armoured scale hosts (Homoptera: Diaspididae) and parasite egg encapsulation by California red scale.Ecol. Entomol. 4:299–306.
Blumberg, D., Mendel, Z., Assael, F. and Rasis, A. (1989) Outbreak of the cottony-cushion scaleIcerya purchasi and acclimatization of the parasitic fly,Cryptochaetum iceryae in Israel.Alon HaNotea 4:395–400 (Hebrew, with English summary).
Darvas, B. and Szabo, L. (1987) Effect of moulting inhibitors (buprofezin and diflubenzuron) onAcrythosiphon pisum (Horn., Aphididae),Planococcus citri (Horn. Pseudococcidae) andQuadraspirdotus perniciosus (Horn., Diaspididae).Növényvédelem 23:343–351 (Hungarian, with English summary).
Darvas, B. and Varjas, L. (1990) Insect growth regulators,in: Rosen, D. [Ed.] Armored Scale Insects, Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Vol. B, pp. 303–408. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
De Cock, A., Ishaaya, I., Degheele, D. and Veierov, D. (1990) Vapor toxicity and concentration-dependent persistence of buprofezin applied to cotton foliage for controlling the sweetpotato whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae).J. Econ. Entomol. 82:1254–1260.
Dreishpoun, Y., Shneider, R., Hechtinger, R. and Dagan, E. (1990) Evaluation of the IGR Oplord as a control agent ofCeroplastes floridensis in citrus.Hassadeh 70:1539 (Hebrew, with English summary).
Duncan, D. B. (1955) Multiple range and multiple F tests.Biometrics 11:1–42.
Ishaaya, I. (1990) Buprofezin and other IGRs for controlling cotton pests.Pestic. Outlook l(2):30–33.
Ishaaya, I., Blumberg, D. and Yarom, I. (1989) Buprofezin — a novel IGR for controlling whiteflies and scale insects.Meded. Fac. Landbouwwet. Rijksuniv. Gent 54:1003–1008.
Ishaaya, I., Mendelson, Z. and Melamed-Madjar, V. (1988) Effect of buprofezin on embryogenesis and progeny formation of sweetpotato whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae).J. Econ. Entomol. 81:781–784.
Izawa, Y., Uchida, M., Sugimoto, T. and Asai, T. (1985) Inhibition of chitin biosynthesis by buprofezin analogs in relation to their activity in controllingNilaparvata lugens Stål.Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 24:343–347.
Kanno, H., Ikeda, K., Asai T. and Maekawa, S. (1981) 2-tert-butylimino-3- isopropyl-5-phenylperhydro-l,3,5-thiadiazin-4-one (NNI 750), a new insecticide.British Crop Protection Conference - Pests and Diseases (Brighton, UK), pp. 56–66.
Kobayashi, M., Uchida, M. and Kuriyama, K. (1989) Elevation of 20-hydroxy ecdysone level by buprofezin inNilaparvata lugens Stål nymphs.Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 34:9–16.
LeOra Software. (1987) Polo-PC. A User’s Guide to Probit or Logit Analysis. LeOra, Berkeley, CA.
Rivnay, E. (1968) Biological control of pests in Israel (a review 1905–1965).Israel J. Entomol. 3:1–156.
Uchida, M., Asai, T. and Sugimoto, T. (1985) Inhibition of cuticle deposition and chitin biosynthesis by a new insect growth regulator, buprofezin, inNilaparvata lugens Stål.Agric. Biol. Chem. 49:1233–1234.
Uchida, M., Izawa, Y.and Sugimoto, T. (1987) Inhibition of prostaglandin biosynthesis and oviposition by an insect growth regulator, buprofezin, inNilaparvata lugens Stål.Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 27:71–75.
Yarom, I., Blumberg, D. and Ishaaya, I. (1988) Effects of buprofezin on California red scale (Homoptera: Diaspididae) and Mediterranean black scale (Homoptera: Coccidae).J. Econ. Entomol. 81:1581–1585.
Yasui, M., Fukada, M. and Maekawa, S. (1985) Effect of buprofezin on different developmental stages of the greenhouse whiteflyTrialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood) (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae).Appl. Entomol. Zool. 20:340–347.
Yasui, M., Fukada, M. and Maekawa, S. (1987) Effect of buprofezin on reproduction of the greenhouse whiteflyTrialeurodes vaporariorum. (Westwood) (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae).Appl. Entomol. Zool. 22:266–271.
About this article
Cite this article
Mendel, Z., Blumberg, D. & Ishaaya, I. Effect of Buprofezin onIcerya Purchasi andPlanococcus Citri . Phytoparasitica 19, 103–112 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02980355
- Icerya purchasi
- Planococcus citri
- Chemical control