The Human Toxicity Potential (HTP) is a quantita tive toxic equivalency potential (TEP) that has been introduced previously to express the potential harm of a unit of chemical released into the environment. HTP includes both inherent toxicity and generic source-to-dose relationships for pollutant emissions. Three issues associated with the use of HTP in Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) are evaluated here. First is the use of regional multimedia models to define source-to-dose relationships for the HTP. Second is uncertainty and variability in sourceto-dose calculations. And third is model performance evaluation for TEP models. Using the HTP as a case study, we consider important sources of uncertainty/variability in the development of source-to-dose models — including parameter variability/uncertainty, model uncertainty, and decision rule uncertainty. Once sources of uncertainty are made explicit, a model performance evaluation is appropriate and useful and thus introduced. Model performance evaluation can illustrate the relative value of increasing model complexity, assembling more data, and/or providing a more explicit representation of uncertainty. This work reveals that an understanding of the uncertainty in TEPs as well as a model performance evaluation are needed to a) refine and target the assessment process and b) improve decision making.
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McKone, T.E., Hertwich, E.G. The human toxicity potential and a Strategy for Evaluating Model Performance in Life Cycle Impact Assessment. Int. J. LCA 6, 106–109 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02977846
- Human toxicity potential
- life cycle impact
- model performance
- model uncertainty
- multimedia models