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The therapeutic effect of intratumoral injection of GM-CSF gene-modified allogenic macrophages on tumor-bearing mice

Abstract

Both the antigen presenting ability and the cytotoxicity of macrophages can be enhanced by GM-CSF gene transfer. In the present study, the therapeutic effect of intratumoral injection with GM-CSF gene-modified allogenic macrophages on tumor-bearing mice observed. The peritoneal macrophages of C57BL/6 mice were transfected with GM-CSF gene mediated by recombinant adenovirus and the subcutaneous CT26 colon adeno-carcinoma-bearing BALB/c mice were treated by intratumoral injection of the above macrophages. The survival time of the tumor-bearing mice were prolonged significantly and some tumor mass disappeared completely. The necroses of the tumor cells and massive infiltration of inflammatory cells were observed 6 days after treatment 30 days after treatment, only the leftover of tumor cells and the inflammatory cells remained. The data indicated that introtumoral injection of GM-CSF gene-modified allogenic macrophages displayed more potent therapeutic effect on the preestablished tumor-bearing mice.

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Author information

Correspondence to Xuetao Cao.

Additional information

Supported by National High Biotechnology Foundation (Z20-01-03).

This is one of papers of the special issue on gene therapy research (Chin J Cancer Res Vol. 9 No. 4 December, 1997).

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Yu, Y., Cao, X., Lei, H. et al. The therapeutic effect of intratumoral injection of GM-CSF gene-modified allogenic macrophages on tumor-bearing mice. Chin J Cancer Res 10, 1–5 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02974650

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Key words

  • Gene therapy
  • GM-CSF
  • Allogenic macrophages
  • Colon adenocarcinoma
  • Adenovirus