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Contemporary Jewry

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 79–105 | Cite as

Jewish women physicians in central europe in the early twentieth century

  • Harriet Pass Freidenreich
Article

Abstract

Jewish women physicians made up roughly one-fifth of the female physicians in Central Europe in the early twentieth century. To become medical doctors, these women had to overcome educational obstacles, family opposition, misogynism and anti-Semitism. As physicians, Jewish women achieved personal self-fulfilment, economic independence and had a chance to help others, while combining marriage, family and career. Female Jewish physicians successfully practiced medicine in a variety of fields in Central Europe before the Nazi era, and, in many cases, after emigration as well.

Keywords

Female Physician Jewish Identity Jewish Woman Medical Degree Contemporary JEWRY 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harriet Pass Freidenreich
    • 1
  1. 1.Temple UniversityUSA

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