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The marshall sklare memorial lecture

New paradigms for the study of American jewish life

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  1. 1

    American Judaism: A History (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2004).

  2. 2

    Milton Gordon,Assimilation in American Life (New York: Oxford, 1964), 263; Marshall Sklare,Observing America’s Jews (Hanover, NH: Brandeis University Press, 1993), 166, 186.

  3. 3

    Arthur Hertzberg,Being Jewish in America (New York: Schocken, 1979), 82, 85. For his later view, see his article inEncyclopaedia Judaica Yearbook, 1900–1991 reprinted in myAmerican Jewish Experience (2nd edition, NY: Holmes & Meier, 1997), 350-355.

  4. 4

    W. Gunther Plaut,The Rise of Reform Judaism: A Sourcebook of its European Origins (New York: World Union for Progressive Judaism, 1963), 31; Michael A. Meyer,Response to Modernity: A History of the Reform Movement in Judaism (New York: Oxford, 1988), 53-61; Isaac S. Emmanuel and Suzanne A. Emmanuel,History of the Jews of the Netherlands Antilles (Cincinnati: American Jewish Archives, 1970), I, 306-327, esp. 319.

  5. 5

    [New York]National Advocate, December 5, 1825, p.2.

  6. 6

    Joseph I. Blau and Salo W. Baron,The Jews of the United States: A Documentary History 1790–1840 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1963), 542–545;Christian Inquirer, September 17, 1825, p.151.

  7. 7

    Pool,Old Faith, 437.

  8. 8

    Israel Goldstein,A Century of Judaism in New York: B’nai Jeshurun, 1825–1925 (New York: Congregation B’nai Jeshurun, 1930), 54–55; the original spelling of the congregation’s name was “B’nai Yeshiorun.”

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    L.C.Moise,Biography of Isaac Harby (Charleston: n.p., 1931); Lou H. Silberman,American Impact: Judaism in the United States in the Early Nineteenth Century The B.G. Rudolph Lectures in Judaic Studies (Syracuse: Syracuse University, 1964); James W. Hagy,This Happy Land: The Jews of Colonial and Antebellum Charleston (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1993), 128-160; Meyer,Response to Modernity, 228-233; Gary Phillip Zola,Isaac Harby of Charleston, 1788–1828 (Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 1994) 112-149.

  10. 10

    David Philipson,Letters of Rebecca Gratz (Philadelphia, Jewish Publication Society, 1929) 75–76.

  11. 11

    Jonathan D. Sarna,A Great Awakening: The Transformation That Shaped Twentieth Century American Judaism And Its Implications for Today (NY: CIJE, 1995) 7.

  12. 12

    American Jewish Year Book (=AJYB) 21 (1919–20): 331;Census of Religious Bodies 1926: Jewish Congregations—Statistics, History, Doctrine and Organization (Washington DC, 1929), 6 [based on the same data,AJYB 30 (1928–29), 199 found “one permanent congregation to serve every 1,386 Jewish men, women and children,” whileAJYB 31 (1929–30), 109 reduced this to “one congregation for 1356 Jews.”]; C. Bezalel Sherman,The Jew Within American Society (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1961), 208–9.

  13. 13

    Deborah Dash Moore,At Home in America: Second Generation New York Jews (New York: Columbia University Press, 1981), 126–27; Nettie P. McGill, “Some Characteristics of Jewish Youth in New York City,”Jewish Social Service Quarterly 14 (September 1937), 253; Nettie P. McGill and Ellen N. Matthews,The Youth of New York City (New York: 1940), 241; Nathan Goldberg, “Religious and Social Attitudes of Jewish Youth in U.S.A.,”The Jewish Review 1 (December 1943), 135-68, esp. 148; U.Z. Engelman, “The Jewish Synagogue in the United States,”American Journal of Sociology 41 (1935/36), 44; Beth Wenger,New York Jews and the Great Depression (New Haven, Yale University Press, 1996), 184.

  14. 14

    Central Conference of American Rabbis Year Book (=CCARYB) 39 (1920), 255;Census of Religious Bodies 1926: Jewish Congregations—Statistics, History, Doctrine and Organization (Washington DC, 1929), 19; David Rudavsky, “Trends in Jewish School Organization and Enrollment in New York City, 1917–1950,”Yivo Annual 10 (1955), 45–81, esp. 50; Ewa Morawska,Insecure Prosperity: Small-Town Jews in Industrial America, 1890–1940 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996), 148 and 326 n.30;AJYB 31 (1929–30): 126-30, 149-51;CCARYB 34 (1924): 367.

  15. 15

    CCARYB 33 (1923): 104;Sefer Ha-Yovel Shel Agudath Ha-Rabbanim Ha-Orthodoksim B’Amerika, 114 (translation mine);AJYB 32 (1930–31): 72;AJYB 35 (1933–34): 162–63; for Stern’s plan see also Wenger,New York Jews and the Great Depression, 254, n.95.

  16. 16

    Mordecai M. Kaplan,Judaism As A Civilization (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1994 [1934]);76; for Germany, see Michael Brenner,The Renaissance of Jewish Culture in Weimar Germany (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996).

  17. 17

    Alvin I. Scruff,The Jewish Day School in America (New York: Jewish Education Committee of New York, 1966) 37, 42, 44, 49; Jonathan D. Sarna, “The Crucial Decade in Jewish Camping,” (forthcoming); Deborah Dash Moore, “Inventing Jewish Identity in California: Shlomo Bardin, Zionism, and the Brandeis Camp Institute,National Variations in Jewish Identity: Implications for Jewish Education, eds. Steven M. Cohen and Gabriel Horenczyk (Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1999) 201-221; Jonathan D. Sarna,JPS: The Americanization of Jewish Culture (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1989) 183-84;AJYB 47 (1945–46) 559.

  18. 18

    Betty D. Greenberg and Althea O. Silverman,The Jewish Home Beautiful (New York: 1941), esp. 13, 14, 18, 37; Rose B. Goldstein, “Women’s Share of Responsibilities for the Future of Judaism,”Women’s League Outlook 8:4 (May 1938) 13 as quoted in Joellyn Wallen Zollman,Shopping for a Future: A History of the American Synagogue Gift Shop (Ph.D., Brandeis University, 2002), 45;Minutes of the 1940 Convention of the Women’s League (Atlantic City, NJ: May 10–14 1940) as quoted inibid, 54; Jenna W. Joselit,The Wonders of America: Reinventing Jewish Culture 1880–1930 (New York: Hill & Wang, 1994) 161–163.

  19. 19

    Saul Goodman,The Faith of Secular Jews (New York: Ktav, 1976) 19.

  20. 20

    Saul Goodman (ed.),Our First Fifty Years: The Sholem Aleichem Folk Institute (New York: 1972) 18–19, 64-66.

  21. 21

    Marshall Sklare,Observing America’s Jews (Hanover, NH: Brandeis University Press, 1993) 273.

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Correspondence to Jonathan D. Sarna.

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Sarna, J.D. The marshall sklare memorial lecture. Cont Jewry 24, 157–169 (2003).

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