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Monsoonal precipitation variation in the East Asia since A.D. 1840

Tree-ring evidences from China and Korea

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Three tree-ring rainfall reconstructions from China and Korea are used in this paper to investigate the East Asian summer monsoon-related precipitation variation over the past 160 years. Statistically, there is no linear correlation on a year-by-year basis between Chinese and Korean monsoon rainfall, but region-wide synchronous variation on a decadal-scale was observed. More rainfall intervals were 1860–1890, 1910–1925, and 1940–1960, and dry or even drought periods were 1890–1910, 1925–1940, and 1960–present. Reconstructions also display that the East Asian summer monsoon precipitation suddenly changed from more into less around mid-1920. These tree-ring precipitation records were also confirmed by Chinese historical dryness/wetness index and Korean historical rain gauge data.

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Correspondence to Yu Liu or Park Won-Kyu or Qiufang Cai or Seo Jung-Wook or Jung Hyun-Sook.

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Liu, Y., Won-Kyu, P., Cai, Q. et al. Monsoonal precipitation variation in the East Asia since A.D. 1840. Sci. China Ser. D-Earth Sci. 46, 1031–1039 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02959398

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  • China
  • Korea
  • tree-ring precipitation reconstruction
  • East Asian summer monsoon precipitation