Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Monsoonal precipitation variation in the East Asia since A.D. 1840

Tree-ring evidences from China and Korea

  • 69 Accesses

  • 19 Citations

Abstract

Three tree-ring rainfall reconstructions from China and Korea are used in this paper to investigate the East Asian summer monsoon-related precipitation variation over the past 160 years. Statistically, there is no linear correlation on a year-by-year basis between Chinese and Korean monsoon rainfall, but region-wide synchronous variation on a decadal-scale was observed. More rainfall intervals were 1860–1890, 1910–1925, and 1940–1960, and dry or even drought periods were 1890–1910, 1925–1940, and 1960–present. Reconstructions also display that the East Asian summer monsoon precipitation suddenly changed from more into less around mid-1920. These tree-ring precipitation records were also confirmed by Chinese historical dryness/wetness index and Korean historical rain gauge data.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.

    Shi Yafeng, Tang Maocang, Ma Yuzhen, Linkage between the second uplifting of the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibetan) and Asian monsoon development, Science in China, Ser. D, 1999, 42(3): 303–312.

  2. 2.

    Li Jianping, Zeng Qingcun, Significance of the normalized seasonality of wind field and its rationality for characterizing the monsoon, Science in China, Ser. D, 2000, 43(6): 646–653.

  3. 3.

    Hao Qingzhen, Guo Zhengtang, Quantitative measurements on the paleo-weathering intensity of the loess-soil sequences and implication on paleomonsoon, Science in China, Ser. D, 2001, 44(6): 566–576.

  4. 4.

    Wang Yongjin, Wu Jiangying, Liu Dianbing, A quick cooling event of the East Asian monsoon responding to Heinrich Event 1: Evidence from stalagmite δ18O records, Science in China, Ser. D, 2002, 45(1): 88–96.

  5. 5.

    Zhu, Q., He, J., Wang, P., A study of the circulation differences between East Asian and India summer monsoon with their interaction, Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 1986, 3: 446–477.

  6. 6.

    Tao, S. Y., Chen, L. X., A review of recent research of the East Asian summer monsoon in China, in Monsoon Meteorology (eds. Chang, C. P., Krishnamurti, T. N.), London: Oxford University Press, 1987, 60–92.

  7. 7.

    Fu Congbin, Zeng Zhaomei, Monsoon regions: The areas with the largest precipitation variability in the world, Chinese Science Bulletin (in Chinese), 1997, 42(21): 2306–2309.

  8. 8.

    Shi, N., Zhu, Q. G., Wu, B. G., The East Asian Summer Monsoon in relation to summer large scale weather-climate anomaly in China for last 40 years, Scientia Atmospherica Sinica (in Chinese), 1996, 20(5): 575–583.

  9. 9.

    Kim, I.O., Climate and Culture in Korea (in Korean), Seoul: Ewha Women University Press, 1985, 382–392.

  10. 10.

    Chen, L. X., Zhu, Q. G., Luo, H. B., The Asian Monsoon (in Chinese), Beijing: China Meteorology Press, 1991, 362.

  11. 11.

    Ho, C. H., Kang, I. S., The variability of precipitation in Korea, Journal of Korean Meteorological Society, 1998, 24(1): 38–48.

  12. 12.

    Ding, Y. H., Summer monsoon rainfalls in China, Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan 70, 1992, 373–396.

  13. 13.

    Kang, I. S., Ho, C. H., Lim, Y. K., Principle modes of climatological seasonal and inter-seasonal variations of the Asian summer monsoon, Monthly Weather Reviews, 1999, 127: 322–340.

  14. 14.

    Liu, Y., Cai, Q. F., Ma, L. M. et al., Tree-ring precipitation records from Baotou and the East Asia Summer Monsoon variation for the last 254 years, Earth Science Frontiers (in Chinese), 2001, 8(1): 91–97.

  15. 15.

    Park, W. K., Jeong, W. S., Liu, Y. et al., Reconstruction of April-August precipitation in Mt. Sorak region from tree rings, The Korea Journal of Quaternary Research, 2001, 15(1): 47–52.

  16. 16.

    Park, W. K., Kim, Y. J., Lee, J. H., Development of tree-ring chronologies ofPinus densiflora from Mt. Sorak and dating the year of construction of the Kyunghoe-ru Pavilion in Seoul, Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 2001, 39(4): 790–795.

  17. 17.

    Academy of Meteorological Science, Yearly Charts of Dryness/Wetness in China for the Last 500-Year Period (in Chinese), Beijing: China Cartography Publishing House, 1981, 332.

  18. 18.

    Wang, W., Li, K. R., Precipitation fluctuation over semiarid region in northern China and the relationship with El Nino / Southern Oscillation, Journal of Climate, 1990, 3: 769–783.

  19. 19.

    Hughes, M. K., Wu, X. D., Shao, X. M. et al., A preliminary reconstruction of rainfall in north-central China since A.D. 1600 from tree-ring density and width, Quaternary Research, 1994, 42: 88–99.

  20. 20.

    Liu, Y., Leavitt, S. W., Wu, X. D. et al., Stable carbon isotope in tree rings from Huangling, China and climatic variation, Science in China, Ser. D, 1996, 39(2): 152–161.

  21. 21.

    Fu, C. B., Fletcher, J., Large signal of climatic variation over the ocean in the Asian monsoon region, Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 1988, 5: 389–404.

  22. 22.

    Xu, G. C., Yao, H., Li, S., The present climate change in arid and semi-arid regions of China, Quaternary Sciences (in Chinese), 1997, 2: 105–114.

  23. 23.

    Hulme, M., Marsh, R., Jones, P. D., Global changes in a humidity index between 1931–1960 and 1961–1990, Climate Research, 1992, 2: 1–22.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Yu Liu or Park Won-Kyu or Qiufang Cai or Seo Jung-Wook or Jung Hyun-Sook.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Liu, Y., Won-Kyu, P., Cai, Q. et al. Monsoonal precipitation variation in the East Asia since A.D. 1840. Sci. China Ser. D-Earth Sci. 46, 1031–1039 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02959398

Download citation

Keywords

  • China
  • Korea
  • tree-ring precipitation reconstruction
  • East Asian summer monsoon precipitation