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Fusarium mycotoxins in forage maize — Detection and evaluation

Abstract

The deoxynivalenol concentrations found in forage maize ranged between 0.24 and 14.29 mg/kg DM (detected by ELISA). When highly contaminated samples were analysed for deoxynivalenol by HPLC or LC-MS the resulting concentrations were in the mean about 50% lower. Furthermore, using LC-MS other type-A and type-B trichothecenes, zearalenone and α-zearalenol were found in these samples. The differences between ELISA and HPLC/LC-MS data for deoxynivalenol are assumed to result from cross-reactions of other trichothecenes with the antibodies used in ELISA and toxin losses from sample purification procedures needed for HPLC and LC-MS analysis.

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Correspondence to E. Oldenburg.

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Oldenburg, E., Ellner, F. Fusarium mycotoxins in forage maize — Detection and evaluation. Mycotox Res 21, 105–107 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02954430

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Keywords

  • deoxynivalenol
  • type-A trichothecenes
  • type-B trichothecenes
  • zearalenone
  • α-zearalenol
  • forage maize