Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

The causes of kidney stones

  • 63 Accesses

  • 7 Citations

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Albright, F., Heimeman, P., Benedict, P. H., and Forbes, A. P. (1953). Idiopathic Hypercaleiuria.Proc. Roy. Soc. Med., 46, 1077.

  2. Boothby, W. N., and Adams, N. (1934). The Occurrence of Citric Acid in Urine and Body Fluids.Amer. J. Physiol., 107, 471.

  3. Boyce, W. H., Garvey, F. K., and Norfleet, C. M. (1954). Ion-binding Properties of Eiectrophoretically Homogenous Mucoproteins in Normal Subjects and in Subjects with Calculus Disease.J. Urol., 72, 1019.

  4. Boyce, W. H., King, J. S., and Fielden, M. L. (1962). Total Non-Dialysable Solids in Human Urine. XIII Immunological Detection of a Component Peculiar to Renal Calculus Matrix and to the Urine of Calculus Patients.J. Clin. Invest., 41, 1180.

  5. Conway, N. S., Maitland, A. I. L., and Rennie, J. B. (1949). The Urinary Citrate Excretion in Patients with Renal Calculi.Brit. J. Urol., 21, 30.

  6. Dent, C. E., Heathcote, J. G., and Joron, G. E. (1954). The Pathogenesis of Cystinuria. I Chromatographic and Microbiological Studies of the Metabolism of the Sulphur-containing Ammo Acids.J. Clin. Invest., 33, 1210.

  7. Dent, C. E., and Rose, G. A. (1951). Amino Acid Metabolism in Cystinuria.Quart. J. Med., 20, 205

  8. Fleish, H., and Neuman, W. F. (1961). Mechanisms of Calcification. Role of Collagen, Polyphosphates and Phosphatase.Amer. J. Physiol., 200, 1296.

  9. Flocks, R. H. (1939). Calcium and Phosphorus Excretion in the Urine of Patients with Renal or Ureteric Calculi.J. Amer. Med. Ass., 113, 1466.

  10. Fowler, D. I., Fone, D. J., and Cooke, W. T. (1961). The Calcium Fractions of Plasma in Hypercalcaemic Conditions and in Adult Coeliac Disease.Lancet, ii, 284.

  11. Graves, R. J. (1848). Clinical Lectures on the Practice of Medicine, 2nd Ed., 1884, Vol. II, p. 313.

  12. Henneman, P. H., Benedict, P. H., Forbes, A. P., and Dudley, H. R. (1958). Idiopathic Hypercalciuria.New Engl. J. Med., 259, 802.

  13. Howard, J. E. (1962). Urinary Stone.J. Canad. Med. Ass., 86, 1001.

  14. Kleeman, R., Bernstein, D., Rockney, R., Dowling, J. T., and Maxwell, M. H. (1961).The Parathyroids. Ed. Greep, R. O., and Talmage, R. V., III.

  15. Lehmann, H. (1942). Effect of an Enzyme from the Kidney on Solubility of Calcium Phosphate.Nature, Lond., 150, 603.

  16. Lehmann, H., and Pollak, L. (1942). The Influence of Amino Acids on Transfer of Phosphate in Muscle Extract and on the Solubility of Magnesium and Calcium Salts.J. Physiol., 100, 17P.

  17. Lloyd, H. M., and Rose, G. A. (1958). Ionized, Protein-bound and Complexed Calcium in the Plasma in Primary Hyperparathyroidism.Lancet, ii, 1258.

  18. McCanee, R. A., Widdowson, E. M., and Lehmann, H. (1942). The Effect of Protein Intake on the Absorption of Calcium and Magnesium.Biochem. J., 36, 686.

  19. McGeown, M. G. (1957). The Urinary Amino Acids in Relation to Calculus Disease.J. Urol. 78, 318.

  20. — (1959). The Urinary Excretion of Amino Acids in Calculus Patients.Clin. Sci., 18, 185.

  21. — (1960). Heredity in Renal Stone Disease.Clin. Sci., 19, 465.

  22. — (1961). The Value of Special Tests of Parathyroid Function.Proc. Ass. Clin. Biochem., 1, 46.

  23. — (1962). Severe Hyperparathyroid Bone Disease without Apparent Involvement of the Kidneys.Lancet, ii, 799.

  24. Milne, M. D., Asatoor, A., and Loughridge, L. W. (1961). Hartnup Disease and Cystinuria.Lancet, i, 51.

Download references

Additional information

Being the third Graves Lecture delivered on 19th April, 1963, under the auspices of the Royal Academy of Medicine in Ireland and the Medical Research Council of Ireland

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

McGeown, M.G. The causes of kidney stones. Ir. J. Med. Sci. 38, 301 (1963). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02953088

Download citation