Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Risk factors for coronary heart disease: A population survey in County Kilkenny, Ireland, in 1985

  • 16 Accesses

  • 12 Citations

Summary

As part of the evaluation of the Kilkenny Health Project, a survey of factors associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) was carried out in Kilkenny, Ireland, in 1985. A random sample of 784 men and women aged 35 to 64 years was surveyed. Mean serum total cholesterol was 6.1 mmol/l in men and women; 7.0% had levels greater than 7.8 mmol/1. Serum total cholesterol was significantly associated with age. 23.4% of males and 23.6% of females were hypertensive. 60.9% of males and 56.4% of females who were hypertensive were not on treatment. The prevalence of regular cigarette smoking was similar in males (27.7%) and females (27.1%). A further 6.3% of males and 1.6% of females smoked cigarettes occasionally or smoked a pipe or cigars regularly. 4.5% had a positive Rose questionnaire for previous myocardial infarction and 3.4% had a positive angina questionnaire. The high median total cholesterol and the low proportion of hypertensives on medication are consistent with findings in other population surveys in the British Isles and with the high mortality rates from CHD in Ireland. The prevalence of hypercholesterolaemia and of untreated hypertension was higher than in population surveys in the United States and Australia where CHD mortality rates are lower and declining at a faster rate than in Ireland.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.

    Uemura, K., Pisa, Z. Trends in cardiovascular disease mortality in industrialised countries since 1950. World Health Stat. Q. 1988: 41, 155–78.

  2. 2.

    WHO Expert Committee. Prevention of coronary heart disease. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1982. Technical Report Series No. 678.

  3. 3.

    WHO Expert Committee. Community prevention and control of cardiovascular diseases. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1986. Technical Report Series No. 732.

  4. 4.

    The WHO MONICA Project. Geographical variation in the major risk factors of coronary heart disease in men and women aged 35–64 years. World Health Stat Q. 1988: 41, 115–140.

  5. 5.

    Shelley, E., Daly, L., Kilcoyne, D., Graham, I. Obesity: a public health problem in Ireland? Irish J. Med. Sci. 1991: Suppl. 29–34.

  6. 6.

    Shelley, E., Daly, L., Mulcahy, R. Physical activity and risk of coronary heart disease in a survey of adults in Kilkenny, Ireland. Irish J Med Sci 1991: Suppl. 35–39.

  7. 7.

    Whelan, B. J. RANSAM: a random sample design for Ireland. Economic and Social Review 1979: 10, 167–74.

  8. 8.

    Central Statistics Office. Census ’86. Local population report. No. 2 County Kilkenny. Dublin: Stationery Office, 1987.

  9. 9.

    Central Statistics Office. Census’86. Summary population report-2nd series. Dublin: Stationery Office, 1989.

  10. 10.

    Rose, G. A., Blackburn, H., Gillum, R. F., Prineas, R. J. Cardiovascular Survey Methods. 2nd ed. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1982. Monograph Series No. 56.

  11. 11.

    Evans, A. Belfast Monica Project Manual of Operations. Belfast: The Queen’s University of Belfast, 1983.

  12. 12.

    Working Party of the Royal College of Physicians. Obesity. A report of the Royal College of Physicians. J. R. Coll. Physicians Lond. 1983: 17, 6–65.

  13. 13.

    NTH Consensus Development Panel. Lowering blood cholesterol to prevent heart disease. J.A.M.A. 1985: 253, 2080–6.

  14. 14.

    Study Group, European Atherosclerosis Society. Strategies for the prevention of coronary heart disease: a policy statement of the European Atherosclerosis Society. Eur. Heart J. 1987: 8, 77–88.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to E. Shelley or L. Daly or D. Kilcoyne or I. Graham or R. Mulcahy.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Shelley, E., Daly, L., Kilcoyne, D. et al. Risk factors for coronary heart disease: A population survey in County Kilkenny, Ireland, in 1985. Ir J Med Sci 160, 22 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02950438

Download citation

Keywords

  • Coronary Heart Disease
  • Serum Total Cholesterol
  • Coronary Heart Disease Risk Factor
  • Smoking Category
  • European Atherosclerosis Society