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The mycoflora and toxicity of feedstuffs from a production plant in córdoba, Argentina


Feedstuffs used for poultry nutrition in Argentina were analyzed for fungal flora and natural incidence of mycotoxins. Survey of 120 samples of poultry feeds, taken from May 1998 to April 1999, showed the presence of 15 genera of filamentous fungi. The predominant genera wereFusarium spp. andPenicillium ssp., isolated in 67.5 % of the samples, followed byAspergillus spp. (57.5 %). Yeast, were significantly isolated from most of the samples. Species identification was carried down for the toxigenic genera. Fungal total counts of poultry feeds ranged from 2.0 × 103 to 3.0 × 105 CFU g-1 The fungal total counts during two months of sampling, were slightly over the limit value of 1 × 105 CFU g-1, which ensure the hygienic quality of the feed. Potentially toxicogenic species presented moderate mean colony counts. Many of the fungi isolated from poultry feeds are mycotoxin producers. Fumonisins had the highest incidence, and were found in 97 % of the analyzed samples followed by aflatoxin B1 (46 %), zearalenone (18 %) and deoxynivalenol (6 %). On the co-occurrence of both carcinogenic mycotoxins, all of the FBs contaminated feed samples were co-contaminated with AFB1. The results show the relevance of the samples screening for viable fungi propagules and the surveillance of their associated mycotoxins in poultry feeds.

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Correspondence to C Magnoli or SM Chiacchiera or R Miazzo or G Palacio or A Angeletti or C Hallak or A Dalcero.

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Magnoli, C., Chiacchiera, S., Miazzo, R. et al. The mycoflora and toxicity of feedstuffs from a production plant in córdoba, Argentina. Mycotox Res 18, 7–22 (2002).

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  • Aflatoxin
  • Trichothecene
  • Zearalenone
  • Deoxynivalenol
  • Citrinin