Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Migraine: Clinical features and diagnosis

  • 13 Accesses

  • 5 Citations


Migraine is a syndrome characterized by recurrent headaches with or without aura. Triggers include foods, hormonal changes, and stressors. Migraine must be differentiated from other unilateral headache disorders and from headaches due to other neurologic and systemic diseases.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.

    Ad Hoc Committee on Classification of Headache. Classification of headache.JAMA. 1962;179:717–718.

  2. 2.

    Headache Classification Committee of the International Headache Society. Classification and diagnostic criteria for headache disorders, cranial neuralgias, and facial pain.Cephalalgia. 1988;8(suppl 7):1–96.

  3. 3.

    Solomon S, Lipton RB. Criteria for the diagnosis of migraine in clinical practice.Headache. 1991;31:384–387.

  4. 4.

    Silberstein S, Lipton RB, Goadsby PJ.Headache in Clinical Practice. Oxford, England: Isis Medical Media; 1998.

  5. 5.

    Ophoff RA, Terwindt GM, Vergouwe MN, et al. Involvement of a CA++ channel gene in familial hemiplegic migraine and migraine with and without aura.Headache. 1997;37:479–485.

  6. 6.

    Newman LC, Lipton RB, Solomon S. Hemicrania continua: 10 new cases and a literature review.Neurology. 1994;44:2111–2114.

  7. 7.

    Pareja JA, Sjaastad O. SUNCT syndrome: a clinical review.Headache. 1997;37:195–202.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Randall Berliner MD.

About this article

Cite this article

Berliner, R., Solomon, S., Newman, L.C. et al. Migraine: Clinical features and diagnosis. Compr Ther 25, 397–402 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02944290

Download citation


  • Migraine
  • Cluster Headache
  • Migraine With Aura
  • Headache Disorder
  • International Headache Society