Cultural operations for sugarcane production are very arduous especially planting, interculture, plant protection and harvesting. Modern sugarcane machinery and labour saving devices reduce the cost of sugarcane production, help in completion of operation timely reduce human drudgery and enable efficient utilization of resources with better quality work output. It helps in increasing overall production and productivity. Sugarcane planting requires about 350 man-hour and 30.6-bullock pair- hour / ha with the cost of operation of Rs 3987 in conventional system of planting, as against mechanical planting requires Rs 2200 / ha with the engagement of 20 man-hours. The cost involved in manual harvesting is about Rs. 9900 / ha (Rs 100 / tonne) with 990 man-hours as against Rs. 15700 per ha. with the labour engagement of 32 man-hours per ha. There is urgent need of introductions of modern sugarcane machinery, which are now available in the country like sugarcane cutter planters, interculture and weeding machinery, sprayers and imported chopper harvesters are getting acceptance. Although their initial cost is very high but advantages accrued in their use are much more. There is a need for the design, development and commercialization of mechanical harvesters suitable for Indian conditions. Custom hiring system on co-operative basis sugarcane harvesters should also be popularized.
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Yadav, R.N.S., Yadav, S. & Tejra, R.K. Labour saving and cost reduction machinery for sugarcane cultivation. Sugar Tech 5, 7–10 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02943757
- Labour saving
- cost reduction