Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Obstructed ureterocele with milk of calcium


Milk of calcium is rare in the urinary tract. It is usually associated with stasis in pyelogenic cysts and infrequently with obstruction. This report describes radiographic and sonographic findings in a 15-year-old girl with milk of calcium in a simple ureterocele, ureter, and hydronephrotic kidney. Milk of calcium has not been previously reported in a ureterocele and is extremely rare in the pediatric age group.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.

    Fresnais MJ: Niveaux horizontaux sur la radiographie faite en verticale et sans preparation d’une pyonephrose calculeuse.Bull Soc Fr Urol 231–233, July 5, 1937

  2. 2.

    Berg RA: Milk of calcium renal disease. Report of cases and review of the literature.Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med 101: 708–713, 1967

  3. 3.

    Murray RL: Milk of calcium in the kidney. Diagnostic features of vertical beam roentgenograms.Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med 113: 455–459, 1971

  4. 4.

    Becker JA, Staiano S: Milk of calcium in a renal cyst.J Clin Ultrasound 3: 135–137, 1975

  5. 5.

    Reynolds WF, Goldstein AM, Williams EJ, Fauer RB: Uncommon radiologic observations in renal milk-of-calcium stoneUrology 11: 419–421, 1978

  6. 6.

    Herman RD, Leoni JV, Matthews GR: Renal milk of calcium associated with hydronephrosis.AJR 130: 572–574, 1978

  7. 7.

    MacMillan BG, Fritzhand MD, Spitz HB: Milk of calcium in the ureter.Radiology 127: 376, 1978

  8. 8.

    Kay C, Armin M, Fleisher P: Milk-of-calcium obstruction of the ureter.J Urol 114: 940–941, 1975

  9. 9.

    Messing EM, Henry SC: Stones in orthotopic non-obstructing ureteroceles.J Urol 122: 403–404, 1979

  10. 10.

    Nash AG, Knight M: Ureterocele calculi.Br J Urol 45: 404–407, 1973

  11. 11.

    Walther PC, Lamm D, Kaplan GW: Pediatric urolithiases: a ten year review.Pediatrics 65: 1068–1072, 1980

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Paula W. Brill M.D..

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Engel, I.A., Brill, P.W. & Winchester, P. Obstructed ureterocele with milk of calcium. Urol Radiol 3, 35 (1981).

Download citation

Key words

  • Milk of calcium
  • Calcium salts
  • renal calculi
  • Ureterocele
  • urinary tract obstruction
  • Child, adolescent