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A rare case of gastric cancer in an acromegalic patient

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Although it has been demonstrated that acromegalic patients have an increased risk of neoplasms, especially colon neoplasms, gastric cancer with acromegaly is very rare—only five cases have been reported to date in Japan. We report here a rare case of gastric cancer with acromegaly in a 58-year-old woman, whose acromegalic change began at age 44. This patient showed typical clinical features of acromegaly, with increased concentrations of blood growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I); she had four types of neoplasms; gastric cancer, colon tubular adenoma with moderate atypia, pancreatic mucinous cystadenoma, and subcutaneous lipoma. The gastric cancer was macroscopically 0-IIc type, 3.0×2.5cm in size, and histologically diagnosed as a poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma with limited invasion of the mucosal layer. The previously documented stimulatory effects of GH and/or IGF-I on tumorigenesis and cell proliferation may have been responsible for the development of the multiple neoplasms in our patient.

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Correspondence to Shouji Shimoyama.

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The first two authors contributed equally to this work

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Asai, K., Shimoyama, S., Sanno, N. et al. A rare case of gastric cancer in an acromegalic patient. J Gastroenterol 32, 528 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02934094

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Key words

  • acromegaly
  • gastric cancer
  • growth hormone
  • insulin-like growth factor-I
  • tumorigenesis