Secretion of the expressed heterologous proteins can reduce the stress to the host cells and is beneficial to their recovery and purification. In this study, fed-batch cultures ofEscherichia coliYK537 (pAET-8) were conducted in a 5-L fermentor for the secretory production of human epidermal growth factor (hEGF) whose expression, was under the control of alkaline phosphatase promoter. The effects of feeding of glucose and complex nitrogen sources on hEGF production were investigated. When the fed-batch culture was conducted in a chemically defined medium, the cell density was 9.68 g/L and the secreted hEGF was 44.7 mg/L in a period of 60 h. When a complex medium was used and glucose was added in pH-stat mode, the secreted hEGF was improved to 345 mg/L. When the culture was fed with glucose at a constant specific rate of 0.25 gg−1h−1, hEGF reached 514 mg/L. The effects of adding a solution containing yeast extract and tryptone were further studied. Different rate of the nitrogen source feeding resulted in different levels of phosphate and acetic acid formation, thus affected hEGF expression. At the optimal feeding rate, hEGF production achieved 686 mg/L.
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Wang, Y., Du, P., Gan, R. et al. Fed-batch cultivation ofEscherichia coli YK537 (pAET-8) for production ofphoA promoter-controlled human epidermal growth factor. Biotechnol. Bioprocess Eng. 10, 149–154 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02932585
- human epidermal growth factor
- phoA promoter
- fed-batch culture
- Escherichia coli