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Engineering geological evaluation of solid waste landfill sites: Two examples from istanbul, Turkey

  • Yildirim M. 
Article

Abstract

Disposal of the solid waste generated in big cities without adverse effects on the environment is a major problem for which solutions have been sought in Turkey as elsewhere in the world. In the selection of sites for the storage of the municipal waste, engineering geology studies and applications play a major role while assessing the suitability of various conditions of the area with respect to sloping the sides, ensuring the impermeability of base and sides, selecting and placing the cover material, and establishing an effective drainage net during the design and construction phases. The suitability of the two Solid Waste Storage Sites which have been constructed recently in Istanbul, one on the European side (Kemerburgaz) and the other on the Asian side (Şile), are evaluated from the engineering geology point of view. Within the framework of this investigation, the geological, geomorphological and geotechnical descriptions of the storage areas and the interaction of these parameters with each other are pointed out. It is emphasized that the design criteria should be established taking into account the particular site conditions.

Keywords

Solid Waste HDPE Disposal Site Seepage Water Earth Movement 

Évaluation géotechnique de sites de décharges pour déchets solides: Deux exemples à istanbul, Turquie

Résumé

Le stockage des déchets solides produits par les grands centres urbains est un vaste problème pour lequel des solutions qui préservent l’environnement sont recherchées en Turquie comme dans le monde entier. Pour le choix des sites de stockage des ordures ménagères, les études géotechniques et connexes jouent un rôle essentiel, en particulier pour la définition des pentes, pour assurer l’imperméabilité du fond et des côtés de la décharge, choisir le matériau de couverture, mettre en place un réseau de drainage efficace… L’article présente les études réalisées lors de la construction de deux décharges construites récemment à Istanbul, l’une du côté Europe (Kemerburgaz) et l’autre du côté Asie (Şile). L’article montre l’interaction entre les paramètres géologiques, géotechniques et hydrogéologiques et leur importance lors de la conception des décharges.

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Copyright information

© International Assocaition of Engineering eology 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yildirim M. 
    • 1
  1. 1.Civil Engineering Department, Geotechnical DivisionYιldιz Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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