Advertisement

An approach to karst hydrology using the relationships between reservoir water level and spring discharge

  • Alpaslan Ahmet H. 
Article

Summary

The groundwater flow through karstic limestone formations cannot be expressed by the known conventional relationships for groundwater flow.

The object of this study is to derive some relationships for the groundwater flow by a systems approach for these kinds of karstic regions.

Water level observations of the natural or artificial reservoirs can be considered as inputs, while discharges from springs around these reservoirs can be considered as outputs of the mathematical model.

Keywords

Groundwater Flow Spring Discharge Karstic System Karstic Region Reservoir Water Level 

Une approche de l'hdyrologie des karsts par les relations entre le niveau d'eau dans les reservoirs et les decharges des sources

Résumé

Pour les régimes karstiques liés aux roches calcaires, l'écoulement de l'eau ne peut être exprimé à l'aide des relations classiques développées pour les eaux souterraines.

Le but de ce travail est d'exprimer les relations de l'écoulement des eaux souterraines dans le cadre d'une., approche systématique.

Les observations sur le niveau des réservoirs, naturels ou artificiels sont utilisées comme entrées du modèle, tandis que les décharges des sources en relation avec ces réservoirs sont considérées comme sorties du modèle mathématique pour les régions karstiques.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. AKLAN T. (1976): Keban Baraj yerinde su kaçaklari ile ilgili çalismalar. Ankara, DSI Genel Müdürlügü.Google Scholar
  2. ALPASLAN A. (1980): Karst ortamda yeralti suyu genel akis denklemlerinin belirlenmesi için hidrolojik bir sistem haklasimi. Izmir, Ege Universitesi Insaat Fakültesi, Hildroloji ve Su Yapilari Doktora Tezi, no: 3.Google Scholar
  3. BASMACI Y. (1976): Groundwater flow in double porosity media. Iowa, Ph. D. Thesis, Iowa State University, p. 133.Google Scholar
  4. CASTANY G. (çev: Karacadag, K.) (1969): Yeralti sulan hakkinda pratik uygulamalar. Ankara, DSI yayin no: II. 4/9-68/1969, 692s.Google Scholar
  5. CIRAY C., BEKDIL O. (1973): Towards constitutive equations for karstic formations. Istanbul, XV. Cong. of IAHR, vol. 3.Google Scholar
  6. CLOSMAN P.J. (1975): Aquifer model for fissured reservoirs. Society of Petroleum Engineers Journal.Google Scholar
  7. DRAPER, SMITH (1972). Applied regression analysis. New York, McGraw Hill, p. 407.Google Scholar
  8. ECE A. (1974): Sarikiz pinar akimlarinin matematik modeli, Izmir, EUMBF-Hidroloji ve Su Yapilari Yüksek Lisans Tezi no: 1, 52s.Google Scholar
  9. FAULKNER G. L. (1976): Flow analysis of karst systems with well developed underground circulation. Fort Collins, Water Resources Publications.Google Scholar
  10. GRAUPE D., ISAILOVIC D., YEVJEVICH V. (1976): Prediction model for runoff from karstified catchments. Fort Collins, WRP.Google Scholar
  11. GUREGHIAN A.B. (1975): A study by the finite element method of the influence of fracture in confined aquifers. Society of Petroleum Engineers Journal.Google Scholar
  12. GUNAY G., KARANJAC J. (eds) (1978): Karst hydrogeology. Ankara, DSI-UNDP Projesi, Teknik rapor no: 27.Google Scholar
  13. HARTUNG F., SCHEURLEIN H. (1970): Design of overflow rockfill dams. Montreal, Dixième Congres des Grands Barrages, pp. 587–598.Google Scholar
  14. HERAK M., STRINGFIELD V.T. (1972): Karst, important karst regions of the northern hemisphere. Amsterdam, Elsevier Publ. Comp. 551s.Google Scholar
  15. HERAK M., MAGAS B., SARIC A. (1973): Hydrogeological and hydrotechnical bibliography of the Yugoslav karst, 209p.Google Scholar
  16. IAH (1977): Karst hydrology. Huntswille, International Association of Hydrogeologists, XI. International Congress Proceedings.Google Scholar
  17. IASH (1967): Hydrology of fractured rocks. Gentbrügge, International Association of Scientific Hydrology Symposium, 1965.Google Scholar
  18. ISKH (1979): International Seminar on Karst Hydrogeology, Turkey.Google Scholar
  19. OZIS U. (1975): Karst pinarlarinin katildigi akarsu debilerinin matematik benzesim modelleri. Izmir, EUMBF, yayin no: 13, 49 s.Google Scholar
  20. OZIS U., KELOGLU N. (1976): Some features of mathematical analysis of karst runoff. Fort Collins, WRP, V. I, pp. 221–235.Google Scholar
  21. SIMPSON S.E., DUCKSTEIN L. (1976): Finite state mixing cell models. WRP, VII, pp. 489–508.Google Scholar
  22. STRELTSOVA T.D. (1976): Hrodynamics of groundwater flow in a fractured formation. WRR, V. 12, nr: 3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. USLU O. (1978): Karstik akimlarin parametrik çekirdek fonksiyonlu dogrusal sistemlerle benzetimi, EUINF, Doçentlik tizi, 131 s.Google Scholar
  24. YOON Y.S. (1976): Parameter identification in a inhomogeneous media with the finite-element method, Society of Pet. Eng. Journal.Google Scholar
  25. YURTSEVER Y., PRZEWLOCKI K. (1974): Some conceptual mathematical models and digital simulation approach in the use of tracers in hydrological systems, isotop, techniques in groundwater hydrology, Vienna, IAFA, 30 p.Google Scholar
  26. YEVCEVICH V. (1972): Probability and statistics in hydrology. Fort Collins, WRP, 302 p.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Association of Engineering Geology 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alpaslan Ahmet H. 
    • 1
  1. 1.District of the Dsi BornovaIzmirTurkey

Personalised recommendations