Pharmaceutisch Weekblad

, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 277–279 | Cite as

Chemical control of the yield of sennosides in Cassia acutifolia Del

  • R. K. Bhatia
  • D. R. Lohar
  • D. D. Chawan
Short Communications


Cassia acutifolia is medicinally very important due to the presence of sennosides in the leaves and pods. Indole — 3- acetic acid (iaa) increased the yield of drug by increasing both the sennoside content and dry matter of the shoot. Gibberellic acid (ga) considerably increased the dry matter of the shoot. Low concentration of (2-chloroethyl) trimethyl ammonium chloride (ccc) considerably increased the dry matter of the shoot whereas N,N-succinic acid dimethyl hydrazide (b9), increased the sennoside content but reduced the dry matter content of the shoot.


Chloride Ammonium Acetic Acid Dimethyl Indole 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bhatia, R. K., D. R. Lohar, D. D. Chawan andS. P. Garg (1978) Chemical control of yield of sennosides in Senna leaves.Planta Medica 34, 437–441.Google Scholar
  2. Dane, V. B., V. K. Deshumukh andA. N. Saoji (1972) Development of glycosides during growth inCassia angustifolia.Indian J. Pharmacy 34, 160.Google Scholar
  3. Fairbarn, J. W., andI. Michaels (1950) Vegetable purgatives containing anthracene derivatives. II. The evaluation of Senna pod and its preparations.J. Pharmacol. 2, 807–812.Google Scholar
  4. Joint Committee of the Pharmaceutical Society and the Society for analytical chemistry on methods for the evaluation of drugs. (1965) The chemical assay of Senna fruit and Senna leaf.Analyst 90, 582–588.Google Scholar
  5. Kussmaul, W., andB. Becker (1947)Helv. Chim. Acta 30, 59.Google Scholar
  6. Lemli, J., andJ. Cuveele (1965) Recherches sur les drogues à principes anthraquinoniques. xii. Isolement des sennosides C et D à partir des feuilles de séné.Pharm. Acta Helv. 40, 667–678.Google Scholar
  7. Lohar, D. R., S. P. Garg, R. K. Bhatia andD. D. Chawan (1975) Effect of maleic hydrazide on early seedling growth and sennosides contents inCassia angustifolia Vahl.Geobios 2, 84–85.Google Scholar
  8. Lohar, D. R., S. P. Garg, R. K. Bhatia andD. D. Chawan (1978) Chemical control of seedling growth and sennosides content in Senna.Broteria 47, 93.Google Scholar
  9. Schmid, W., andE. Angliker (1965) Sennosid C, ein neues Glucosid ausCassia angustifolia (Senna).Helv. Chim. Acta 48, 1911–1921.Google Scholar
  10. Stoll, A., B. Becker andW. Kussmaul (1949) The isolation of anthraglycosides from Senna drugs.Helv. Chim. Acta 32, 1892–1903.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. K. Bhatia
    • 1
  • D. R. Lohar
    • 2
  • D. D. Chawan
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Plant Ecology, Botany DepartmentUniversity of JodhpurJodhpurIndia
  2. 2.Laboratory of Plant Analysis, Chemistry DepartmentUniversity of JodhpurJodhpurIndia

Personalised recommendations