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Pharmacy World and Science

, Volume 15, Issue 6, pp 257–262 | Cite as

Fosfomycin trometamol in a single dose versus seven days nitrofurantoin in the treatment of acute uncomplicated urinary tract infections in women

  • E. Van Pienbroek
  • J. Hermans
  • A. A. Kaptein
  • J. D. Mulder
Articles

Abstract

In general practice acute uncomplicated urinary tract infections in women are treated with different courses of antibiotics. In this study the efficacy and tolerability of a single dose of 3 g fosfomycin trometamol and the conventional treatment with nitrofurantoin 50 mg four times daily for seven days were compared. In a randomized, double-blind, double-dummy trial in 31 general practices in the Netherlands 231 patients with symptoms of acute dysuria, stranguria and/or urinary frequency received treatment. Evaluation was based on resolution of symptoms, dipslide results and side-effects at 4, 9 and 42 days after starting the treatment. The clinical cure rates and bacteriological cure rates were not significantly different between the treatment groups. Side-effects were reported at day 4 by 43% of the women receiving single-dose treatment, compared with 25% of the women in the seven-day treatment group, a significant difference. At day 9 the groups did not significantly differ in the number of patients with side-effects. Almost all side-effects were mild and gastro-intestinal complaints were reported most. Taking into account the convenience of taking a single dose we conclude that fosfomycin trometamol is a reasonable alternative to 7 days nitrofurantoin 50 mg four times a day in the treatment of women with symptoms of acute uncomplicated urinary tract infections in general practice.

Keywords

Adverse effects Bacteriology Clinical trials Dosage Family practice Fosfomycin trometamol Nitrofurantoin Urinary tract infections 

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Copyright information

© Royal Dutch Association for the Advancement of Pharmacy 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Van Pienbroek
    • 1
  • J. Hermans
    • 2
  • A. A. Kaptein
    • 3
  • J. D. Mulder
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of General PracticeLeiden UniversityCB LeidenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Medical StatisticsLeiden UniversityThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Department of General PracticeLeiden UniversityThe Netherlands

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