Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 30, Issue 19, pp 4787–4792 | Cite as

A new technique for fullerene onion formation

  • T. Cabioc'h
  • J. P. Riviere
  • J. Delafond
Article

Abstract

We present an original technique for growing large fullerene onions: carbon-ion implantation at high temperature into copper substrates. Used for carbon film growth (diamond or turbostratic carbon), this method is based on the immiscibility of carbon into copper and can produce an important density of giant carbon onions with size up to some micrometres which is the largest size observed up to now. We characterize these giant fullerenes by TEM, HRTEM and for the first time with AFM. On the basis of both experimental and numerical results we propose a mechanism of formation of the carbon onions during the implantation process.

Keywords

Polymer Copper Fullerene HRTEM Carbon Film 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    H. W. Kroto, J. R. Heath, S. C. O'Brien, R. F. Curl andR. E. Smalley,Nature 318 (1985) 162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. W. Kroto,ibid. 329 (1987) 529.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    T. W. Ebbesen andP. M. Ajayan,ibid. 358 (1992) 220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Iijima,J. Cryst. Growth 50 (1980) 675.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. Ugarte,Nature 359 (1992) 707.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Idem., Europhys. Lett. 22 (1993) 45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. F. Prins,Thin Solid Films 212 (1992) 11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. A. Hoff, D. J. Vestyck, J. E. Butler andJ. F. Prins,Appl. Phys. Lett. 6 (1991) 1336.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    S.-T. Lee, S. Chen, G. Braunstein, X. Feng, I. Bello andW. M. Lau,ibid. 59 (1991) 785.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    T. Cabioc'h, J. P. Riviere, J. Delafond, M. Jaouen andM. F. Denanot, in press.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. Iijima, T. Ichihashi andY. Ando,Nature 356 (1992) 776.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    H. W. Kroto andK. Mckay,ibid. 331 (1988) 328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Cabioc'h
    • 1
  • J. P. Riviere
    • 1
  • J. Delafond
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Métallurgie Physique (URA 131 CNRS)Poitiers CédexFrance

Personalised recommendations