Interfacial reactivity of aluminium/fibre systems during heat treatments
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The interfacial reactivity of specimens composed of aluminium coated on SiC-based fibres, carbon fibres and protected carbon fibres, was investigated. The woven fibres were coated with aluminium by physical vapour deposition and the obtained materials were heat treated in a furnace which was connected to a mass spectrometer. It was shown that reactions occur between CO and CO2 gases, which are released by the fibres, and aluminium, when the temperature is above 650°C. These gases react during their passage through the aluminium layer and form aluminium carbide. Aluminium carbide is also produced by reactions between the solid-species constituents of the fibres and the metal. The amount of aluminium carbide formed at the fibre/metal interface during heat treatment was determined by hydrolysis. It was thus possible to ascertain that the aluminium carbide is mainly formed by the latter reactions. The efficiency of various protective coatings against the formation of aluminium carbide was also investigated.
KeywordsPolymer Aluminium Hydrolysis Furnace Carbide
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