Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Cell morphology and growth characteristics ofPorphyridium aerugineum (Rhodophyta)

Abstract

Four unialgal strains of the freshwater coccoid red algaPorphyridium aerugineum Geitler were cultivated under laboratory conditions. Cell morphology was studied with the light microscope. The cell surface was examined by means of electron microscopy in order to contribute to the knowledge of polysaccharide sheaths and cytoplasmic membranes. Optimum growth conditions were determined. The range of cell sizes and the average dry masses of single cells were compared in all four strains cultivated at exactly defined temperatures and irradiances. Photosynthetic pigment maxima were measured in intact cells. The red-coloured phycobiliprotein phycoerythrin was not found in any of the examined strains.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Brody, M., Emerson, R., 1959: The effect of wavelength and intensity of light on the proportion of pigments inPorphyridium cruentum. — Amer. J. Bot.46: 433–440.

  2. Brown, R. M. Jr., Bold, H. C., 1964: Phycological studies 5. Comparative studies of the algal generaTetracystis andChlorococcum. — Univ. Texas Publ. No.6417: 1–213.

  3. Doucha, J., Kubín, Š., 1976: Measurement of in vivo absorption spectra of microscopic algae using bleached cells as a reference sample. — Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl.49, Algol. Stud.15: 199–213.

  4. Gantt, E., 1986: Phycobilisomes. — InStaehelin, L. A., Arntzen, C. J., (Eds.): Photosynthesis 3, pp. 260–268. — Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, Tokyo: Springer. [Pirson, A., Zimmermann, M. H., (Eds.): Encyclopedia of plant physiology, n.s.,19].

  5. —, 1968: Ultrastructure ofPorphyridium aerugineum, a blue-green colored rhodophytan. — J. Phycol.4: 65–71.

  6. Geitler, L., 1923:Porphyridium aerugineum, n. sp. — Österr. Bot. Z.72: 84.

  7. Glazer, A. N., 1985: Light harvesting by phycobilisomes. — Ann. Rev. Biophys. Chem.14: 47–77.

  8. Jahn, W., Steinbiss, J., Zetsche, K., 1984: Light intensity adaptation of the phycobiliprotein content of the red algaPorphyridium. — Planta161: 536–539.

  9. Koeman, R. P. T., Hoek, C. van den, 1980: The taxonomy ofUlva (Chlorophyceae) in the Netherlands. — Brit. Phycol. J.16: 9–53.

  10. Kubín, Š., Chán, B., Malec, V., Ondok, J. P., 1985: Integrating phytoactinometer—a universal device for the measurement of photosynthetically active radiant energy. — Světelná Technika18: 44–48.

  11. Masamoto, K., Riethman, H. C., Sherman, L. A., 1987: Isolation and characterization of a carotenoid-associated thylakoid protein from the cyanobacteriumAnacystis nidulans R 2. — Plant Physiol.84: 633–639.

  12. Pekárková, B., 1989: Physiological properties of photosynthetic pigments in somePorphyridium andRhodella species (Rhodophyceae). — Arch. Hydrobiol., Suppl.82, Algol. Stud.55: 197–206.

  13. —, 1988: Morphological characteristics and physiological properties of a coccoid rhodophycean algaRhodella grisea from thermal springs of Piestany, Czechoslovakia. — Arch. Protistenk.135: 69–83.

  14. Ramus, J., 1972: The production of extracellular polysaccharide by the unicellular red algaPorphyridium aerugineum. — J. Phycol.8: 97–111.

  15. Schlösser, U. G., 1982: Sammlung von Algenkulturen Pflanzenphysiologisches Institut der Universität Göttingen. — Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges.95: 181–276.

  16. Sommerfeld, M. R., Nichols, H. W., 1970: Comparative studies in the genusPorphyridium Naeg. — J. Phycol.6: 67–78.

Download references

Author information

Additional information

Dedicated to Prof. DrLothar Geitler on the occasion of the 90th anniversary of his birthday.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Pekárková, B., Šmarda, J. & Hindák, F. Cell morphology and growth characteristics ofPorphyridium aerugineum (Rhodophyta). Plant Syst Evol 164, 263–272 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00940442

Download citation

Key words

  • Algae
  • Rhodophyta
  • Porphyridiales
  • Porphyridium aerugineum
  • Cell morphology
  • surface structure
  • cell size
  • growth parameters
  • photosynthetic pigments