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Pollination biology of two species ofKielmeyera (Guttiferae) from Brazilian cerrado vegetation

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Abstract

The pollination biology and breeding systems ofKielmeyera coriacea andK. speciosa, two sympatric woody species common in the cerrado vegetation of C. Brazil, were studied. Both species have similar nectarless, polystemonous “Papaver-type” flowers which are visited by a similar spectrum of insects, though they bloom in different seasons and are thus phenologically isolated. Large carpenter bees seem to be the most important pollinators and these and other bees effect “buzz pollen” retrieval despite the fact that anthers are not poricidal. Both species ofKielmeyera possess strong xenogamous breeding systems. The presence of staminate flowers and andromonoecy inK. coriacea, as well as the longevity ofK. speciosa flowers are discussed as alternative strategies to improve pollination success and reproductive efficacy.

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de Oliveira, P.E.A.M., Sazima, M. Pollination biology of two species ofKielmeyera (Guttiferae) from Brazilian cerrado vegetation. Pl Syst Evol 172, 35–49 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00937796

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Key words

  • Angiosperms
  • Guttiferae
  • Kielmeyera coriacea
  • K. speciosa
  • “Buzz pollination”
  • carpenter bees
  • breeding system
  • andromonoecy
  • self-mimicry
  • neotropical savanna