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The flavonoids ofBalanites aegyptiaca (Balanitaceae) from Egypt

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Six flavonoid glycosides: quercetin 3-glucoside, quercetin-3-rutinoside; 3-glucoside, 3-rutinoside, 3-7-diglucoside and 3-rhamnogalactoside of isorhamnetin were extracted and identified from the leaves and branches of Egyptian material ofBalanites aegyptiaca. Only isorhamnetin: 3-rutinoside and 3-rhamnogalactoside were recorded from the fruits of the same plant.—Phytochemical aspects ofBalanites aegyptiaca and some genera ofZygophylaceae s. l. viz.Nitraria, Fagonia, Zygophyllum, Seetzenia andTribulus support its affinities with that family.

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Maksoud, S.A., El Hadidi, M.N. The flavonoids ofBalanites aegyptiaca (Balanitaceae) from Egypt. Pl Syst Evol 160, 153–158 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00936042

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Key words

  • Angiosperms
  • Zygophyllaceae
  • Balanitaceae
  • Balanites aegyptiaca
  • Chemosystematics
  • quercetin and isorhamnetin glycosides