Buzz-pollination was observed in three nectariferousBoraginaceae spp.:Onosma gigantea Lam.,Trichodesma africana (L.)R. Br. andT. boissieri Post. An evolutionary pathway from usual nectariferous flowers to typical buzz-pollinated flowers is suggested.
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Dukas, R., Dafni, A. Buzz-pollination in three nectariferousBoraginaceae and possible evolution of buzz-pollinated flowers. Pl Syst Evol 169, 65–68 (1990). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00935985
- Onosma gigantea
- Trichodesma africana
- Trichodesma boissieri