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Circulating antigens in infections of mice by tetrathyridia ofMesocestoides corti Hoeppli, 1925

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Abstract

Two circulating antigens were detected in the serum of ICR/Timco female mice infected intraperitonealy with tetrathyridia of the cestodeMesocestoides corti Hoeppli, 1925. One circulating antigen appeared by day 2 postinfection (p.i.) and remained in all mice until at least 90 days p.i. A second antigen appeared in the serum on day 14 p.i. and disappeared from all mice by day 28 p.i. Infected mouse serum also contained antibodies against one secretory/excretory antigen and two antigens in crude homogenate, as judged by double diffusion in two dimensions (Ouchterlony). Immune deposits were observed in the kidney tissue of Rockland mice by transmission electron microscopy, and their identity as products of tetrathyridia was confirmed by immunofluorescence. Further studies showed that the main antibody subclass associated with the mesangial immune deposits was 7Sγl, and that other subclasses of IgG and IgM were not involved. Antigen was found in the proximal renal tubules of infected mice, as demonstrated by fluorescein-labeled IgG fraction of rabbit antitetrathyridia secretory/excretory antigen antisera. The presence of tetrathyridia antigen in the urine of infected mice was confirmed using the Ouchterlony technique.

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Correspondence to F. Sogandares-Bernal.

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Sogandares-Bernal, F., Race, M.C., Dennis, M.V. et al. Circulating antigens in infections of mice by tetrathyridia ofMesocestoides corti Hoeppli, 1925. Z. Parasitenkd. 64, 157–167 (1981). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00930492

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Key words

  • Masocestoides corti
  • Tetrathyridia
  • Circulating antigen
  • 7Sγl subelass of JgG