Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Formation of amino acids from reactor-irradiated ammonium acetate


Ammonium acetate in various conditions was irradiated in a reactor to examine the contributions of both the reactor radiations and recoiled14C nucleis to form the biologically interesting molecules. Present investigations demonstrated that several amino acids, glycine, alanine, β-alanine and GABA, and may-be aspartic acid, serine and valine by prolonged irradiation, were formed in the aqueous solutions of ammonium acetate.14C-radioactivities were also found distributed in these amino acids. However, no special relationship between14C-radioactivity and these amino acids formed was observed.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Akaboshi, M. and Kawai, K.: 1971b,Biochem. Biophys. Acta 246, 194.

  2. Akaboshi, M., Kawai, K., and Waki, A.: 1971a,Biochim. Biophys. Acta 238, 5.

  3. Akaboshi, M., Kawai, K., Maki, H., and Kawamoto, K.: 1978, in H. Noda (ed.),Origins of Life, Center of Academic Publication Japan, p. 343.

  4. Allen, W. and Ponnamperuma, C.: 1967,Curr. Mod. Biol. 1, 24.

  5. Harbottle, G. and Sutin, N.: 1958,J. Phys. Chem. 62, 1344.

  6. Lederer, C. M., Hollander, J. M., and Perman, I.: 1967,Table of Isotopes, 6th Edition, John Wiley and Sons Inc.

  7. Libby, W. F.: 1947,J. Am. Chem. Soc. 69, 2523.

  8. Miller, S. L.: 1957,Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 69, 260.

  9. Negron-Mendoza, A. and Ponnamperuma, C.: 1976,Origins of Life 7, 191.

  10. Rack, E. P., Lang, C. E., and Voigt, A. F.: 1963,J. Chem. Phys. 38, 1211.

  11. Roth, M.: 1971,Anal. Chem. 43, 880.

  12. Wolf, A. P.: 1960,Ann. Rev. Nuclear Sci. 10, 259.

  13. Wolf, A. P.: 1961,Chemical Effects of Nuclear Transmutations Vol. 1, IAEA, Vienna, p. 3.

  14. Wolf, A. P.: 1964, in Gold, V. (ed.),Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry, Academic Press, London and New York, p. 202.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Akaboshi, M., Kawai, K., Maki, H. et al. Formation of amino acids from reactor-irradiated ammonium acetate. Origins Life Evol Biosphere 12, 339–345 (1982). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00927065

Download citation


  • Radiation
  • Acetate
  • Ammonium
  • Aqueous Solution
  • Organic Chemistry