Advertisement

Space life sciences

, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 469–473 | Cite as

In situ synthesis during organic analysis of lunar samples

  • K. Biemann
Session IV. Origin

Abstract

In the development and application of extremely sensitive analytical techniques the need for extreme cleanliness and avoidance of contamination has been generally recognized and complied with in the organic analysis of lunar samples. Much less attention has been paid to the possibility of inadvertent synthesis of certain organic molecules from indigenous smaller organic or even inorganic constituents of the lunar material. At the part-per-billion level of detectability reactions proceeding even at very low yield can lead to detectable products. A particular area of concern should be the amino acid analysis since those substances are known to be formed by condensation of ammonia, cyanide and carbonyl compounds, all potential products of lunar material upon treatment with aqueous media.

Keywords

Ammonia Organic Chemistry Geochemistry Carbonyl Cyanide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abell, P. I., Cadogan, P. H., Eglinton, G., Maxwell, J. R., and Pillinger, C. T.: 1971,Proc. 2nd Lunar Sci. Conf. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta Suppl. 2,2, 1843.Google Scholar
  2. Chang, S., Smith, J. W., Kaplan, I., Lawless, J., Kvenvolden, K. A., and Ponnamperuma, C.: 1970,Proc. Apollo 11 Lunar Sci. Conf., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta Suppl. 1,2, 1857.Google Scholar
  3. Fox, S. W. and Windsor, C. R.: 1970,Science 170, 984.Google Scholar
  4. Fox, S. W., Harada, K., and Hare, P. E.: 1972, this issue, p. 425.Google Scholar
  5. Friedmann, N., Haverland, W. J., and Miller, S. L.: 1972, in R. Buvet and Ponnamperuma (eds.),Chemical Evolution and the Origin of Life, North-Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam, p. 123.Google Scholar
  6. Gabel, N. W. and Ponnamperuma, C.: 1967,Nature 216, 453.Google Scholar
  7. Gehrke, C. W.: 1972, this issue, p. 342.Google Scholar
  8. Gibson, E. K. and Moore, C. B.: 1972, this issue, p. 404.Google Scholar
  9. Hamilton, P. B. and Nagy, B.: 1972, this issue, p. 432.Google Scholar
  10. Hare, P. E., Harada, K., and Fox, S. W.: 1970,Proc. Apollo 11 Lunar Sci. Conf., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta Suppl. 1,2.Google Scholar
  11. Kvenvolden, K. A. and Ponnamperuma, C. (eds.) ‘A Search for Carbon and its Compounds in Lunar Samples from Mare Tranquilitatis’, NASA Special Publication Number 257.Google Scholar
  12. Miller, S. L.: 1955,J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 77, 2351.Google Scholar
  13. Murphy, Sr. M. E., Modzeleski, V. E., Nagy, B., Scott, W. M., Young, M., Drew, C. M., Hamilton, P. B., and Urey, H. C.: 1970,Proc. Apollo 11 Lunar Sci. Conf., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta Suppl. 1,2, 1879.Google Scholar
  14. Murphy, R. C., Preti, G., Nafissi-V, M. M., and Biemann, K. 1970:Proc. Apollo 11 Lunar Sci. Conf.,Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta Suppl. 1,2, 1891.Google Scholar
  15. Nagy, B. and Modzelewski, V. E.: 1972, this issue, p. 323.Google Scholar
  16. Nagy, B., Modzeleski, J. E., Modzeleski, V. E., Mohammed, M. A. J., Nagy, L. A., Scott, W. M., Drew, C. M., Thomas, J. E., Ward, R., Hamilton, P. B., and Urey, H. C.: 1971,Nature 232, 94Google Scholar
  17. Oró, J.: 1961,Nature,191, 1193.Google Scholar
  18. Preti, G., Murphy, R. C., and Biemann, K.: 1971,Proc. 2nd Lunar Sci. Conf., Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta Suppl. 2 2, 1879.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© D. Reidel Publishing Company 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Biemann
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of ChemistryMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

Personalised recommendations