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Alterations in G-proteins in congestive heart failure in cardiomyopathic (UM-X7.1) hamsters

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In order to explain the attenuated sympathetic support during the development of heart failure, the status of β-adrenergic mechanisms in the failing myocardium was assessed by employing cardiomyopathic hamsters (155–170 days old) at moderate degree of congestive heart failure. The norepinephrine turnover rate was increased but the norepinephrine content was decreased in cardiomyopathic hearts. The number and the affinity of β receptors in the sarcolemmal preparations were not changed in these hearts at moderate stage of congestive heart failure. While the basal adenylyl cyclase activity was not altered in sarcolemma, the stimulation of enzyme activity by NaF, forskolin, Gpp(NH)p or epinephrine was depressed in hearts from these cardiomyopathic hamsters. Since G-proteins are involved in modifying the adenylyl cyclase activity, the functional and bioactivities as well as contents of both Gs and Gi proteins were determined in the cardiomyopathic heart sarcolemma. The functional stimulation of adenylyl cyclase by cholera toxin, which activates Gs proteins, was markedly depressed whereas that by Pertussis toxin, which inhibits Gi proteins, was markedly augmented in cardiomyopathic hearts. The cholera toxin and pertussis toxin catalyzed ADP-ribosylation was increased by 37 and 126%, respectively; this indicated increased bioactivities of both Gs and Gi proteins in experimental preparations. The immunoblot analysis suggested 74 and 124% increase in Gs and Gi contents in failing hearts, respectively. These results suggest that depressed adenylyl cyclase activation in cardiomyopathic hamsters may not only be due to increased content and bioactivity of Gi proteins but the functional uncoupling of Gs proteins from the adenylyl cyclase enzyme may also be involved at this stage of heart failure.

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Correspondence to Naranjan S. Dhalla.

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Sethi, R., Bector, N., Takeda, N. et al. Alterations in G-proteins in congestive heart failure in cardiomyopathic (UM-X7.1) hamsters. Mol Cell Biochem 140, 163–170 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00926754

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Key words

  • cardiomyopathic heart
  • norepinephrine turnover
  • beta-adrenergic receptors
  • adenylyl cyclase
  • G-proteins