Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Isotherms of the equilibrium exchange of Mg2+, Ca2+, Zn2+, and Cd2+ ions on NaA zeolite

  • 32 Accesses

Conclusions

  1. 1.

    A method of ion exchange of Na+ for divalent cations in NaA zeolite under static conditions was developed and can be used for the measurement of the differential heats of ion exchange by a calorimetric method.

  2. 2.

    The isotherms of the ion exchange of Na+ at 25° in molded NaA zeolite for the cations Mg2+, Ca2+, Zn2+, and Cd2+ were measured. The corresponding cationic forms of MA zeolites with degrees of exchange n z M =1, and for MgA with nz Mg=0.8, were measured.

  3. 3.

    Derivatograms (DTA and PG) of the synthesized zeolites were obtained, indicating the absence of any appreciable breakdown of the crystal structures of the zeolites during the process of ion exchange.

  4. 4.

    The thermodynamic characteristics of the investigated reactions of ion exchange were calculated. The coefficients of separation, selectivity, and the thermodynamic equilibrium constants as a function of the degree of ion exchange, as well as the integral values of the free energies of the exchange reaction, were determined. According to all these parameters, the cations are arranged in the following series: Mg2+ < Ca2+ < Zn2+ < Cd2+.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Literature cited

  1. 1.

    R. M. Barrer and W. M. Meier, Trans. Faraday Soc.,54, 1074 (1958).

  2. 2.

    M. M. Dubinin, A. A. Isirikyan, A. I. Sakharov, and V. V. Serpinskii, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Khim., 2355 (1969).

  3. 3.

    R. M. Barrer and J. D. Falconer, Proc. Roy. Soc., A236, 227 (1956).

  4. 4.

    R. M. Barrer, L. V. C. Rees, and D. J. Ward, Proc. Roy. Soc., A273, 180 (1963).

  5. 5.

    D. W. Breck, W. C. Eversole, R. M. Milton, T. B. Reed, and T. L. Thomas, J. Amer. Chem. Soc.,78, 5963 (1956).

  6. 6.

    I. J. Gal, O. Iankovic, S. Malcic, P. Radovanov, and M. Todorović, Trans. Faraday Soc.,67, 999 (1971).

  7. 7.

    G. M. Panchenkov, A. M. Tolmachov, and V. A. Frolov, Zh. Fiz. Khim.,37, 456 (1963).

  8. 8.

    H. S. Sherry and H. F. Walton, J. Amer. Chem, Soc.,71, 1457 (1967).

  9. 9.

    F. Danes and F. Wolf, Z. Phys. Chem.,251, 329 (1972).

  10. 10.

    B. P. Nikol'skii, Zh. Fiz. Khim.,5, 266 (1934).

  11. 11.

    E. Glueckauf, Nature,163, 414 (1949).

  12. 12.

    L. L. Ames, Amer. Miner.,49, 1099 (1964).

  13. 13.

    W. J. Argersinger, A. W. Devidson, and O. D. Bonner, J. Amer. Chem. Soc.,74, 1044 (1952).

  14. 14.

    E. Högfeldt, E. Ekedahl, and L. G. Sillen, Acta Chem. Scand.,4, 556, 828, 1471 (1950).

Download references

Author information

Additional information

Translated from Izvestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR, Seriya Khimicheskaya, No. 6, pp. 1244–1249, June, 1974.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Dubinin, M.M., Isirikyan, A.A. & Regent, N.I. Isotherms of the equilibrium exchange of Mg2+, Ca2+, Zn2+, and Cd2+ ions on NaA zeolite. Russ Chem Bull 23, 1172–1177 (1974). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00923072

Download citation

Keywords

  • Crystal Structure
  • Free Energy
  • Zeolite
  • Static Condition
  • Exchange Reaction