The blood vessels of the rat small intestine were perfused in vitro with a gelatin-containing physiological salt solution (GPSS). The addition of platelet-activating factor (PAF, 5μM), podophyllotoxin (50μM), colcemid (50μM), or nocodazole (50μM) to the GPSS for 5 min caused an increase in vascular permeability. This was manifested as an increased trapping of circulating colloidal carbon (CC) within the walls and was assessed using semiautomated image analysis. Pretreatment for 10 min with taxol (5μM) in the perfusate significantly reduced the permeability-enhancing effects of all four agonists. Since podophyllotoxin, colcemid, and nocodazole are all microtubule-disrupting agents, and since taxol is a microtubule-stabilizing agent, these results suggest that microtubules are involved in the response of the microvessels to PAF. An explanation based on “tensegrity” or “force-counterbalance” is put forward to account for these findings.
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Northover, A.M., Northover, B.J. Possible involvement of microtubules in platelet-activating factor-induced increases in microvascular permeability in vitro. Inflammation 17, 633–639 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00920470
- Public Health
- Internal Medicine
- Blood Vessel
- Image Analysis
- Small Intestine