The effects of stress on trait and state anxiety of emotionally disturbed, normal, and delinquent children were assessed using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC). This scale measures both transitory feelings of apprehension and tension that vary over time as a function of situational stress (A-State) and individual differences in the disposition to experience such anxiety states (A-Trait). Results indicated that A-State increased as a function of stress, whereas A-Trait was relatively stable and impervious to the temporary effects of stress. Use of the STAIC with normal and deviant populations was supported.
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Bedell, J.R., Roitzsch, J. The effects of stress on state and trait anxiety in emotionally disturbed, normal, and delinquent children. J Abnorm Child Psychol 4, 173–177 (1976). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00916520
- Individual Difference
- Temporary Effect
- Trait Anxiety
- Situational Stress
- Anxiety State